Near Richmond in Henrico County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
1862 Seven Days' Battles
Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park
The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the battlefield landscapes, to hear the stories of the combatants and civilian residents, and to understand the complex reasons why Richmond came to symbolize the heart and soul of the Confederacy.
This is a partial list of park regulations. Site is open sunrise to sunset. Report suspicious activities to any park employee or call 804-795-5018. In emergencies call 911.
Alcoholic beverages are prohibited.
All natural and cultural resources are protected by law.
Relic hunting is prohibited. Possession of a metal detector in the park is illegal.
Hunting, trapping, feeding, or otherwise disturbing wildlife is prohibited.
Weapons are prohibited inside all park buildings.
Pets must be on a leash.
Recreation activities like kite-flying, ball-playing, and frisbee throwing are prohibited.
Motor vehicles and
1862 Seven Days’ Battles
No military campaign had more influence on the course of the Civil War than these Seven Days’ battles. George B. McClellan’s army of more than 100,000 Union soldiers landed at Fort Monroe in spring of 1862, and fought its way up the peninsula. By mid-May the Army of the Potomac lay on the outskirts of Richmond, hoping to capture the capital of the Confederacy and perhaps end the war. If that strategy succeeded the nation might be reunified, but without abolition of slavery. Confederate General Robert E. Lee chose not to wait for the Federal army’s next move. Instead he seized the initiative, and on June 26 advanced across the Chickahominy River with nearly 45,000 soldiers. That action opened a week-long series of battles that resulted in the Union army retreating to the banks of the James River. With Richmond secure, Lee’s army moved north, defeated Union forces at Cedar Mountain and Second Manassas (Bull Run), and then marched toward Maryland and the first invasion of the North.
Lee massed much of his own Confederate army at Chickahominy Bluff and surged over the river in a combined operation with Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson.
Beaver Dam Creek
Later that afternoon Lee’s men struck a well
McClellan decided to move to a new base on the James River, but his rearguard at Gaines’ Mill barely escaped destruction when Lee’s Confederates launched an all-out attack, triggering the second and largest battle of the Seven Days.
McClellan organized his retreat and achieved a head start in what would become a race to the James River. Meanwhile, Lee shifted from protecting Richmond to pursuing and defeating the Union army. A Confederate probe at Gouldin’s Farm, south of the Chickahominy River, produced a small battle.
Lee pushed his men forward against the Union army’s rear at Savage’s Station, on the Richmond & York River Railroad. The inconclusive battle there produced 1,400 casualties and temporarily slowed the progress of McClellan’s retreat.
Confederate columns pursued the Union army. A vicious battle at Glendale (or Frayser’s Farm) gave Lee his best opportunity of the campaign, but the determined resistance of McClellan’s subordinates kept the line of retreat open.
McClellan’s army took up a strong defensive position atop Malvern Hill. Poorly coordinated Confederate
The Confederates pursued the Northern army to its new base at Harrison’s Landing. Lee determined no offensive opportunities remained, and ended his campaign to drive foe away from Richmond, concluding the Seven Days’ battles.
Erected 2010 by Richmond National Battlefield Park.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1862.
Location. 37° 35.084′ N, 77° 23.365′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Virginia, in Henrico County. Marker can be reached from Mechanicsville Turnpike (U.S. 360) near Springdale Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4300 Mechanicsville Turnpike, Richmond VA 23223, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Defending Richmond (a few steps from this marker); Seven Days' Battles Begin (within shouting distance of this marker); Outer Fortifications (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Richmond Defences (approx. half a mile away); Hanover County / Henrico County (approx. half a mile away); The Chickahominy River & Seven Days' Battles (approx. half a mile away); Seven Days BattlesJohn Marshall's Farm (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
More about this marker. On the left panel is a map of Civil War sites managed by the Richmond National Battlefield Park.
On the right panel is a map of the Federal advance up the Peninsula and a map of the Seven Days’ Battles.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. Old Marker At This Location also titled "Chickahominy Bluff".
Also see . . . Richmond National Battlefield Park. (Submitted on August 21, 2010.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 5, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 3,137 times since then and 129 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.