Edenton in Chowan County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Edenton Bell Battery C.S.A.
Organized in March 1862 under the leadership of Capt. William Badham Jr., Lt. John M. Jones, and Lt. Nelson McClees, the Edenton Bell Battery was composed of men primarily from Chowan, Tyrrell, and Washington Counties. Lacking adequate artillery, various institutions of Edenton donated their bells to be melted and cast into four bronze cannon at Tredegar Foundry in Richmond, Va., on April 28, 1862. The cannon were named the Edenton, the Columbia, the Fannie Roulhac, and the Saint Paul by the men of the Battery. Designated as Company B, Third Battalion, NC Light Artillery, the unit served with the Army of Northern Virginia at Winchester, Culpeper Courthouse, Seven Days Battle, and protected a critical bridge south of the Battle of Fredericksburg. The Battery was then transferred to North Carolina where it opposed Union advances towards the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad and fought at Whitehall Bridge, Goldsboro, and Kinston. The unit was later garrisoned at Fort Fear River. By January 1865, the Battery was evacuated to Fort Anderson after the fall of nearby Fort Fisher to the advancing Union Army. It then saw
The 12-pounder howitzer Saint Paul, foundry #1533, was captured at the Battle of Town Creek in Brunswick County, N.C., on February 20, 1865 and is on loan from the Old Fort Niagara Association of New York. The Saint Paul was poured primarily from the bell of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. The 6-pdr gun Edenton, foundry number #1531, was surrendered at Greensboro, N.C. on May 26, 1865 and is on loan from Shiloh National Military Park of the National Park Service. The Edenton was poured primarily from the bell of the 1767 Chowan County Courthouse. The muzzles of each of the cannon indicated the foundry number and the distinctive "EB" for "Edenton Battery". The location of the two remaining cannon of the Edenton Bell Battery is unknown.
Erected 2001 by Edenton Historical Commission 2001 and 2006.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1865.
Location. 36° 3.347′ N, 76° 36.576′ W. Marker is in Edenton, North Carolina, in Chowan County. Marker is on South Broad Street, on the right when traveling south. Located on the waterfront at the end of Broad Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Edenton NC 27932, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distanceSea Port Fame Brings Famous Forefathers Nation's Leaders, to Edenton (here, next to this marker); Edenton (a few steps from this marker); Penelope Barker (within shouting distance of this marker); Penelope Barker House (within shouting distance of this marker); Escape Via Maritime Underground Railroad (within shouting distance of this marker); Our Confederate Dead (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 1886 Roanoke River Lighthouse (about 400 feet away); Roanoke River Lighthouse (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Edenton.
Also see . . . Bell Battery. Wikipedia entry:
The Edenton Bell Battery, 3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery Company B, were originally recruited in March 1862 as the Albemarle Artillery by Edenton lawyer William Badham, Jr., as most of the men were from North Carolina's Albemarle Sound area. Drilled as artillery at Richmond, Virginia in April and May, 1862, the unit found themselves in danger of being designated an infantry company, because of the scarcity of cannon available to outfit battery companies. A captain was dispatched back to Edenton for help. (Submitted on August 24, 2010, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA.)
Credits. This page was last revised on April 28, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 24, 2010, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. This page has been viewed 2,597 times since then and 95 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on August 24, 2010, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.