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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Mackinac Island in Mackinac County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

American Fur Company Store

 
 
American Fur Company Store Marker image. Click for full size.
By M H, August 21, 2010
1. American Fur Company Store Marker
Inscription.  On June 6, 1822, Alexis St. Martin (1804-1880), a French Canadian voyageur, was accidentally shot in the American Fur Company Store located on this site. Dr. William Beaumont (1786-1853), the Fort Mackinac post surgeon, nursed St. Martin back to health. St. Martin’s wound healed leaving a permanent opening into his stomach. Through this opening Beaumont compared the digestibility of foods, recorded the temperature conditions, and extracted and analyzed gastric juice. Beaumont conducted the first of 250 experiments with St. Martin in 1825 in the Officers’ Stone Quarters at Fort Mackinac. Eight years later he published a groundbreaking book on his discovery of the digestive process.

[ Dedication Plaque: ]
This building is dedicated
to the memory of
William Beaumont, M.D.
It was restored by volunteer contributions of Michigan Doctors of Medicine and presented to the people of Michigan.

On this site, on June 6, 1822, Alexis St. Martin, a French Canadian voyageur, suffered an accidental gunshot wound which left a permanent opening into his stomach through which Dr. William Beaumont was able to study stomach physiology. Thus was laid the foundation of knowledge of digestion.

The vision and understanding of the Mackinac Island State
Dedication Plaque image. Click for full size.
By M H, August 21, 2010
2. Dedication Plaque
Park Commission under the chairmanship of W.F. Doyle, and the generous cooperation of the Parke Davis & Company are gratefully acknowledged.
July 17, 1954
Michigan State Medical Society

 
Erected 2003 by Michigan Historical Commission - Michigan Historical Center and State of Michigan. (Marker Number 19.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Science & Medicine. In addition, it is included in the Michigan Historical Commission series list.
 
Location. 45° 51.034′ N, 84° 37.059′ W. Marker is in Mackinac Island, Michigan, in Mackinac County. Marker is at the intersection of Market Street and Fort Street, on the right when traveling west on Market Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mackinac Island MI 49757, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lawrence A. Young Cottage (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Somewhere in Time Gazebo (approx. 0.2 miles away); Island House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Historic Fort Mackinac (approx. 0.2 miles away); Scout Barracks / Parade Ground (approx. 0.2 miles away); Greany Grove (approx. 0.2 miles away); "Cass Cliff" (approx. 0.2 miles away); Round Island Lighthouse (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mackinac Island.
 
Additional comments.
1. Dr. Beaumont's book
The book written by Dr. Beaumont referenced
American Fur Company Store image. Click for full size.
By M H, August 21, 2010
3. American Fur Company Store
on the marker was titled, "Experiments And Observations On The Gastric Juice And The Physiology Of Digestion"
    — Submitted August 26, 2010, by Mh of Las Vegas, Nevada.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on August 26, 2010. This page has been viewed 942 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 26, 2010, by Mh of Las Vegas, Nevada. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
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