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Panmunjom in Demilitarized Zone, Gyeonggi-do Province, South Korea
 

Axe Murder Incident Memorial

 
 
Axe Murder Incident Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
1. Axe Murder Incident Memorial
Inscription.  On this spot was located the yellow poplar tree which was the focal point of the axe murders of two United Nations Command officers, Captain Arthur Bonifas and First Lieutenant Mark Barrett, who were attacked and killed by North Korean guards while supervising a work party trimming the tree on 18 August 1976.

{On alternating lines is the translation in Hangul (Korean}.
 
Topics. This historical marker memorial is listed in these topic lists: War, ColdWar, Korean.
 
Location. 37° 57.36′ N, 126° 40.355′ E. Marker is in Panmunjom, Gyeonggi-do Province, in Demilitarized Zone. Technically this memorial is located between North and South Korea within the Joint Security Area, jointly administered by both Korean governments, within the Demilitarized Zone. Location is accessed only by escort of military personnel. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Panmunjom, Gyeonggi-do Province 468-1, South Korea. Touch for directions.
 
More about this memorial. The memorial is located near the "Bridge of No Return."
 
Also see . . .
1. Axe Murder Incident. Wikipedia entry detailing the incident. (Submitted on September 11, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Memorial Service.

Bridge of No Return and Memorial image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
2. Bridge of No Return and Memorial
The bridge is known as "The Bridge of No Return" since crossing it indicates a defection to one side or the other of the two Koreas. The location of the poplar tree, and that of the memorial is just visible at the "Y" of the road junction, in front of the guard house. The memorial is on a concrete slab to the right side of the road running toward the bridge.
Video of a recent memorial service held at the site. (Submitted on September 11, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Remembering the DMZ Axe Murder. Blog post with details of the incident. (Submitted on September 11, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Pan-Mun Gak image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain
3. Pan-Mun Gak
The main North Korean building within the DMZ.
Joint Security Area Map, 1976 image. Click for full size.
From Wikipedia Commons
4. Joint Security Area Map, 1976
Map showing the location of the tree, the bridge, and related buildings in the JSA as they stood at the time of the incident.
38th Parallel Sign image. Click for full size.
By Dodson M. Curry
5. 38th Parallel Sign
Located in another section of Korea, but a reminder of the division that still exists today. This sign was in Kumsong, Korea. Kumhwa Valley Demarcation Line between North and South Korea.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 26, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 11, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 4,928 times since then and 18 times this year. It was the Marker of the Week October 10, 2010. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 11, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on May 13, 2010, by Dodson M. Curry of Birmingham, Alabama.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Clearer photo of monument. • Can you help?
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Apr. 3, 2020