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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Middlesboro in Bell County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

"This American Gibraltar"

 
 
"This American Gibraltar" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 5, 2010
1. "This American Gibraltar" Marker
Inscription.  "Cumberland Gap is the strongest position I have ever seen except Gibraltar." These were Union General George W. Morgan's words after viewing the fortification around the Gap.

On June 19, 1862, he wrote to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, "The enemy evacuated this American Gibraltar this morning... and DeCourcy's brigade took possession...."

In honor of the capture, the Stars and Stripes were raised from the pinnacle of this mountain in proud ceremony. Three months later it was the Union troops who withdrew.

What made the forts around the Gap so difficult to attack also made them difficult to resupply. It was easier for the war to just go around them.

Please do not walk on these remaining earthworks.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesWar, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is June 19, 1862.
 
Location. 36° 36.343′ N, 83° 39.962′ W. Marker is near Middlesboro, Kentucky, in Bell County. Marker can be reached from Pinnacle Road, on the right when traveling east. Located on a foot path from the Pinnacle Overlook parking
Plan of Fort Lyon image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 5, 2010
2. Plan of Fort Lyon
Click or scan to see
this page online
area to the Fort Lyon site in Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Middlesboro KY 40965, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Waiting for the Battle that Never Came (a few steps from this marker); Pinnacle Overlook (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Powell's Valley (about 400 feet away in Virginia); Generations Have Enjoyed this View (about 400 feet away in Virginia); Named for a British Lord (about 400 feet away in Virginia); A Maze of Mountains (about 400 feet away in Virginia); Boundaries Settled (about 500 feet away in Virginia); Iron Furnace (approx. 0.3 miles away in Virginia). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Middlesboro.
 
Also see . . .  Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. (Submitted on September 15, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
"This American Gibraltar" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 5, 2010
3. "This American Gibraltar" Marker
Exterior of Fort Lyon image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 5, 2010
4. Exterior of Fort Lyon
The steep slopes in the gap enhanced the works built by the soldiers.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on September 15, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,244 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 15, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

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Apr. 15, 2021