Goliad in Goliad County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Presidio de Nuestra Señora de Loreto de la Bahía
(Fort of Our Lady of Loreto of the Bay)
One of the most historic Spanish forts in Texas. Popularly called Presidio la Bahía, it was founded on Espíritu Santo (present Lavaca) Bay in 1722. Twice moved, it was re-established here in 1749 to protect Espiritu Santo Mission (1/4 mi. NW). In the chapel is the statue of Our Lady of Loreto placed here in 1749.
The turbulent history of this fort has often rung with the sound of revolution. Between 1812 and 1820 several irregular "filibustering" forces, including the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition and others led by James Long and Henry Perry, occupied or assailed the fort for various idealistic and profiteering motives.
Here, too, 92 Texas citizens and soldiers drew up and signed Texas' first formal Declaration of Independence on December 20, 1835. In the ensuing War for Texas Independence, Col. James Fannin and 341 prisoners of war were held and, on Palm Sunday, 1836, were massacred in and around the fort by their Mexican captors.
When the fort was authentically restored, 1963-67, by the Kathryn O'Connor Foundation, nine "levels of occupancy" were uncovered. Church services are now held in the chapel. The presidio has been
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark--1969
Erected 1969 by the Texas State Historical Survey Committee. (Marker Number 4119.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the El Camino Real de los Tejas National Historic Trail, and the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
Location. 28° 38.895′ N, 97° 22.963′ W. Marker is in Goliad, Texas, in Goliad County. Marker is on Camino de Bexar east of Calle Cinco de Mayo. Marker is in front of the chapel, outside of the presidio's north wall. The presidio is south of the San Antonio River and Goliad State Park - accessible off Spur 71 east of S. Jefferson Street (U.S. Hwy. 183/77Alt). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Goliad TX 77963, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Replica of Texas Independence Flagpole (within shouting distance of this marker); Manuel Becerra (within shouting distance of this marker); General Ignacio Zaragoza (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Angel of Goliad (approx. 0.2 miles away); La Bahía Cemetery (approx. 0.2 miles away); Grave of Colonel J. W. Fannin and His Men (approx. 0.2 miles away); Aranama College Cattle Drive from La Bahia (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Goliad.
Also see . . .
1. Presidio de Nuestra Señora de Loreto de la Bahía. (Submitted on September 28, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Presidio La Bahía. (Submitted on September 30, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. New Spain; Our Lady of Loreto Chapel (1779).
Topics. This marker is included in these topic lists: Churches & Religion • Colonial Era • Forts or Castles • War, Texas Independence
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on September 27, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,254 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on September 27, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 3. submitted on September 28, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 4. submitted on September 27, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.