Near Baxter Springs in Cherokee County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Baxter Springs Massacre
On October 6, 1863, Gen. James Blunt and about 100 men were met near Baxter’s springs by William Quantrill and several hundred Confederates masquerading as Union troops. As Blunt’s band was preparing a musical salute the enemy fired. This surprise attack prevented organized resistance, and though Blunt escaped nine-tenths of his men were killed. The raiders also attacked Lt. James Pond and 95 men encamped at the springs. This force was likewise caught off guard but resisted until the enemy retired. These battle sites are in present Baxter Springs. Some of the victims are buried in the national cemetery one mile west of town.
Baxter Springs was established in 1866 on the Fort Leavenworth-Fort Gibson military road. For several years it was important as a trading center for Texas cattle.
Erected by Kansas Historical Society and State Highway Commission. (Marker Number 49.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts or Castles • Patriots & Patriotism War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Kansas Historical Society series list.
Location. 37° 4.013′ N, 94° 43.585′ W. Marker is near Baxter Springs, Kansas, in Cherokee County. Marker is on U.S. 69/400 0.2 miles south of SE Varck Road, on the right when traveling south. Marker is in the Old Route 66 Park (roadside rest area). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Baxter Springs KS 66713, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Land's Legacy (approx. 0.8 miles away); Bridging the American Divide (approx. 0.8 miles away); Boom Towns (approx. 0.8 miles away); Cosmopolitan Corner (approx. 0.8 miles away); Crossroads of Kansas (approx. 0.8 miles away); Marsh Rainbow Arch Bridge (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named Baxter Springs Massacre (approx. 2.2 miles away); Baxter Springs Massacre 1863 (approx. 2.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baxter Springs.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Fort Blair. (Submitted on November 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Battle of Fort Blair. (Submitted on November 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Baxter Springs Civil War History. (Submitted on November 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 1,329 times since then and 29 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 11, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.