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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Baraboo in Sauk County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Ice Age National Scientific Reserve

 
 
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, November 6, 2010
1. Ice Age National Scientific Reserve Marker
Inscription.  [A map in the upper left corner of the marker shows the extent of glaciation over North America and Wisconsin's position. Below it, a map shows the extent of glaciation in Wisconsin, with the locations of National Scientific Reserve Sites (Interstate, Chippewa Moraine, Mill Bluff, Devils Lake, Cross Plains, Horicon Marsh, Campbellsport, Kettle Moraine, and Two Creeks).]

Deep winter in Wisconsin lasts about three months. But during the last two million years, dramatic shifts in climate produced periods with longer winters. These cold spells lasted thousands of years. As snow accumulated an ice sheet formed and grew to cover most of Canada and Northern United States.

The last great episode of the Ice Age ended about 10,000 years ago. Called the "Wisconsin Glaciation," it radically altered this landscape. Creeping ice excavated vast quantities of rock and soil. When the ice melted, the debris it carried was deposited to form an amazing variety of glacial features.

[At the top center of the marker is a graphic illustrating the following glacial features: Glacial lake, esker, kame, drumlin, kettle lake, end
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve Marker image. Click for full size.
By William J. Toman, November 6, 2010
2. Ice Age National Scientific Reserve Marker
Devils Lake is in the background.
moraine, and outwash plain.]


Prominent Glacial Features
[A chart lists which features (glacial lakes, potholes, eskers, meltwater gorges, kames, drumlins, kettle lakes, moraines, outwash plain, buried forest, and erratics) are present in the listed National Scientific Reserve Sites (Interstate, Chippewa Moraine, Mill Bluff, Devils Lake, Cross Plains, Horicon Marsh, Campbellsport, Kettle Moraine, and Two Creeks).]

Ice Age National Scientific Reserve preserves evidence of the great glaciers. The Reserve consists of nine sites administered by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, in cooperation with the National Park Service. Here, present and future generations may study and enjoy their glacial inheritance.

Devils Lake Unit
[Map of unit.]

Millions of years ago, an ancient river flowed through a deep gorge here in the Baraboo Hills. But Ice Age glaciers dammed up the gorge with glacial moraines to form Devils Lake, one of Wisconsin's most spectacular features.

Today, the Devils Lake Unit is an excellent place to study the effects of the continental glaciers. Hiking trails lead to intriguing rock formations and level views of the lake. Recreational facilities here and on the North Shore rest on glacial moraines and outwash deposits.
 
Erected by
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the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and the National Park Service.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Natural Features.
 
Location. 43° 24.616′ N, 89° 43.585′ W. Marker is near Baraboo, Wisconsin, in Sauk County. Marker can be reached from South Lake Road 3 miles west of Wisconsin Highway 113, on the right when traveling west. The marker is in the South Shore area of Devil's Lake State Park (an entrance fee is required). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Baraboo WI 53913, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Early History of Devil's Lake (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); North Shore Hotel Era (about 400 feet away); Devil's Lake and the Local Residents (about 400 feet away); South Shore Hotel Era (about 400 feet away); Civilian Conservation Corps (approx. ¾ mile away); Warner Memorial Road (approx. 1.2 miles away); Ringling Brothers Circus (approx. 3.4 miles away); Indian Mounds and Village (approx. 3.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Baraboo.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. This is a list of Ice Age National Scientific Reserve or Trail markers.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on December 12, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 667 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 12, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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Sep. 28, 2020