Near Fort Oglethorpe in Walker County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Granger's Headquarters Shell Monument
Major General Gordon Granger.
Sept. 20, 1863, 2P.M.
Erected 1893 by the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Commission. (Marker Number MT-432.)
Topics. This historical marker monument is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Location. 34° 55.634′ N, 85° 16.323′ W. Marker is near Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in Walker County. Marker can be reached from Vittetoe Road. west of Vittetoe-Chickamauga Road when traveling west. This historical marker is located in the northwest section of the Chickamauga National Military Park, near the Snodgrass Hill area of the driving tour, along the part of the battlefield known as Horseshoe Ridge, more specially on Hill #3 of Horseshoe Ridge. To view this historical marker drive to the parking area for Horseshoe Ridge (just beyond the Snodgrass Hill tour stop) and proceed westward on foot, along the southern crest of the ridge for a little more than 0.2 of a mile, to the high ground on Hill #3. According Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Oglethorpe GA 30742, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Whitaker’s Brigade. (a few steps from this marker); 22nd Michigan Infantry (a few steps from this marker); 89th Ohio Infantry (a few steps from this marker); 84th Indiana Infantry Regiment (a few steps from this marker); 115th Illinois Infantry (a few steps from this marker); 40th Ohio Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 2nd South Carolina Infantry Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker); 41st Tennessee Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Oglethorpe.
More about this monument. According to the description information provided by the National Park Service, the monument is, “6'2" square at base and 5' high, the monument consists of a pyramid of cannonballs set in cement & painted black, resting on a molded limestone base. Attached to base is a painted metal plaque identifying the headquarters site.”
The National Park Service also identifies E. E. Betts as being the engineer who was the designer of this monument.
I used the "Chickamauga Battlefield" map, that I purchased at the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Visitor Center, to determine both the marker number for this monument and the monument's location in relation to the rest of the park's monuments, markers, and tablets. According to the map it provides the, "numerical listing of all monuments, markers, and tablets on the Chickamauga Battlefield (using the Chick-Chatt NMP Monument Numbering System).”
When revisiting the site of this historical marker on August 1, 2012, I noticed that the metal plaque on this monument is now painted a different color. Whereas before the background color was white and the text was printed in blue, now the background color is blue and the text is painted in white.
Regarding Granger's Headquarters Shell Monument. Steedman's Division arrived at the Union position on Snodgrass Hill at the critical moment of the battle and was directed to provide support for the Union right flank. Steedman directed Whitaker's Brigade to rush up to crest of the ridge, arriving just in time to drive off the Confederate forces that were on the verge of flanking the beleaguered 21st OVI, situated on what had been the extreme right flank of the Union line of battle. It was at this location that the Reserve Corps set up it's headquarters.
Related markers.list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Also see . . . National Park Service List of Classified Structures. This is a link to information provided by the National Park Service regarding this particular monument. (Submitted on April 14, 2017, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
Credits. This page was last revised on July 3, 2017. It was originally submitted on December 18, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 590 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 18, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. 5, 6. submitted on August 7, 2012, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.