“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Red Boiling Springs in Macon County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

Red Boiling Springs

Enlistment Center and Civil War Hospital

Red Boiling Springs Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, August 21, 2021
1. Red Boiling Springs Marker
Inscription.  Red Boiling Springs has long been a landmark in Macon County. It was a central crossroads for both Federal and Confederate forces during the Civil War.

The war came home for local residents on September 24, 1861, when Capts. Ridley R. West and Joseph L. Bryant organized Co. H, 28th Tennessee Infantry (CS) at the Webb (later the Dedman) Hotel. Webb's Hotel was the only one at the springs, but it was large enough to accommodate the soldiers and officers who passed through the village.

On October 22, 1861, Cols. John W. Head and James J. Turner organized the 30th Tennessee Infantry regiment here. Within months, however, many recruits found themselves in a Union prison, after the Confederate defeat and surrender at Fort Donelson.

Between 1861 and 1864, troops from both sides traversing the rugged Cumberland highlands stopped here, with the sick and wounded remaining for treatment. Dr. James Carson Weir, a Minnesota native who lived in neighboring Jackson County, established a hospital here when Union occupation forces appointed him surgeon.

In September 1862, however, when Gen. Braxton Bragg's army marched
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this way during his Kentucky invasion, Weir served the Confederates. Bragg wrote from here on September 18, "The troops are in good tone and condition; somewhat foot-sore and tired, but cheerful. They have submitted most heroically to privations and hardships and have maintained their reputation for discipline."

When the Federals reoccupied the springs, they took Weir prisoner but released him when he proved his Union sympathies. After the war, Red Boiling Springs became one of Tennessee's most prominent mineral springs resorts.

Union hospital interior - Courtesy Library of Congress
Red Boiling Springs - Courtesy Randy East, Macon County Historian
Gen. Braxton Bragg Courtesy Library of Congress

Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 36° 32.155′ N, 85° 51.013′ W. Marker is in Red Boiling Springs, Tennessee, in Macon County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street (State Highway 56) and Hillcrest Drive, on the right when traveling south on Main Street. Located in the Red Boiling Springs
Red Boiling Springs Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, August 21, 2021
2. Red Boiling Springs Marker
Civil War Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Red Boiling Springs TN 37150, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Enlistment Station (here, next to this marker); Site of Civil War Hospital (here, next to this marker); Macon County In The Civil War (here, next to this marker); Palace Amusement Park (within shouting distance of this marker); McClellan's General Store (within shouting distance of this marker); Palace Hotel (within shouting distance of this marker); Ephraim Bean Barber Shop (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Palace Tanning Booth (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Red Boiling Springs.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 25, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 9, 2011, by Chad Comer of Gamaliel, Kentucky. This page has been viewed 941 times since then and 108 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 22, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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Sep. 30, 2023