“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Centreville in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad

The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
May 21, 2011
1. The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad Marker
Inscription.  These are the remains of the Centreville Confederate Military Railroad built in the fall and early winter of 1861 for the purpose of transporting supplies to the field armies of Generals Pierre G. T. Beauregard and Joseph Johnston. The railroad ran approximately six miles, from Manassas Junction, crossing Bull Run, to a point on the Centreville Plateau.

The unusually cold and rainy autumn of 1861 turned roads into impassable quagmires of mud. In order to supply the 40,000 troops who went into winter quarters in Centreville in October, General Johnston decided to build the six mile railroad spur to connect with the railroad lines at Manassas Junction. By the first week of January 1862 a map of the period shows the railroad complete between the Junction and its Centreville terminus.

The Centreville Military Railroad, as it became known, was the first railroad in the world built by the military for expressly military purposes. It was used to keep men and animals supplied and allowed the Confederate army to hold the strong position on the Centreville Heights until it withdrew from the area in March 1862.

The Centreville Confederate
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Military Railroad is a Fairfax County Historic Site.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1862.
Location. 38° 48.692′ N, 77° 27.299′ W. Marker is in Centreville, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is on Compton Road (Virginia Route 658) just east of Richard Simpson Lane, on the left when traveling east. It is directly behind 14703 Richard Simpson Lane property, facing the bike trail on Compton Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Centreville VA 20121, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Blackburn’s Ford (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named Blackburn's Ford (approx. 0.6 miles away); Lane's Mill and Newton's Mill Ruins (approx. 1.2 miles away); Military Railroad Terminus (approx. 1.3 miles away); Wilmer McLean’s Yorkshire (approx. 1.3 miles away); McLean Farm (approx. 1.3 miles away); Wilmer McLean after the Civil War (approx. 1.4 miles away); Mitchell's Ford (approx. 1˝ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Centreville.
More about this marker. The bottom of the marker features a sketch captioned An artist's drawing of Manassas Junction.
Also see . . .
1. Centreville Military Railroad
The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad Marker image. Click for full size.
May 21, 2011
2. The Centreville Confederate Military Railroad Marker
. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (Submitted on May 21, 2011.) 

2. The Centreville Military Railroad. CentrevillePatch article by Mike Conway. (Submitted on May 21, 2011.) 
A plaque at the base of marker image. Click for full size.
May 21, 2011
3. A plaque at the base of marker

Centreville Confederate
Military Railroad Park

Dedicated to the memory of
Golder and Bessie O'Neill
Credits. This page was last revised on June 27, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 21, 2011. This page has been viewed 1,598 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 21, 2011. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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Feb. 21, 2024