Mechanicsville in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Lee’s First Victory: At a Huge Cost
By nightfall Union resistance on Turkey Hill had ended. Except for the wounded, most of the Federal forces recrossed the Chickahominy overnight and joined the remainder of the Army of the Potomac. In just two days of brutal fighting Lee audaciously divided his army, drove one Union corps across the Chickahominy, and successfully ended McClellan’s thrust to Richmond. The cost, however, was staggering. Both sides combined lost 15,000 casualties, the greatest loss in any battle of the entire Peninsula Campaign, and second only to Shiloh at that stage of the war.
Before the area could recover, the armies returned in the spring of 1864. The savage battle of Cold Harbor swept
Erected 2011 by Richmond National Battlefield Park.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1864.
Location. 37° 34.433′ N, 77° 17.477′ W. Marker is in Mechanicsville, Virginia, in Hanover County. Marker can be reached from Watt House Road (Virginia Route 718) 0.7 miles south of Cold Harbor Road (Virginia Route 156). This marker is located in the Gaines' Mill Battlefield unit of the Richmond National Battlefield Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6283 Watt House Road, Mechanicsville VA 23111, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Pursuit (here, next to this marker); Seven Days Battles (within shouting distance of this marker); The Watt House (within shouting distance of this marker); Gaines' Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Springfield Plantation (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle of Gaines’ Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); Union Artillery (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Battle of Gaines' Mill (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mechanicsville.
More about this marker. On the right is a photograph with the caption, "In April 1865, a photographer recorded this scene of unburied dead on the Gaines’ Mill battlefield. The lack of decent burials influenced the War Department to establish a system of national cemeteries. Five were constructed around Richmond."
Also see . . .
1. Richmond National Battlefield Park. (Submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.)
2. Gaines’ Mill. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.)
3. The Battle of Gaines' Mill. Civil War Trust (Submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 813 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 12, 2011, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.