Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Graham in Alamance County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Johnston Moves West

Ruffin Mills

— Carolinas Campaign —

 
 
Johnston Moves West - Ruffin Mills Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dave Twamley, July 4, 2011
1. Johnston Moves West - Ruffin Mills Marker
Inscription.  (Preface) The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the March to the Sea. Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy’s logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’s last-ditch attack at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late in March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered at Bennett Place near Durham on April 26, ending the Civil War in the East.

The southern column of Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’s Army of Tennessee approached the Haw River here at Ruffin Mills as it marched west away from Union Gen. William T. Sherman’s army on the rainy morning of April 15, 1865. Col. John W. Hinsdale, 3rd North Carolina Junior Reserves (72nd North Carolina State Troops) later wrote, “We found the stream rising rapidly. In crossing the river, several of our boys were drowned by leaving the ford to reach some fish
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
traps a short distance below and being caught in the swift current and swept down into the deep water below.”

Lt. Robert M. Furman, 2nd North Carolina Junior Reserves (71st North Carolina State Troops), wrote, “One of the smaller boys disappearing under the water, a taller and stouter comrade grabbed him and pulled him up, he dived down a second and third time and on being pulled up by his comrades, suspecting an attempt at suicide, asked what he meant. ‘Why,’ said the little fellow, shivering and dripping, ‘My gun’s down thar and I’m trying to git hit.’”

“The men tried to form the Monkey’s chain by holding each others hands, but the current was too strong and broke their hold,” wrote musician William J. Worsham, 19th Tennessee Infantry. “We … debated in our minds whether to go on or return as the water then was under our arms and deeper further on. Just then Gen. [Benjamin F.] Cheatham came riding in and as he passed us we caught hold of his horse’s tail and landed safely on the other side.”
 
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1862.
 
Location. 36° 
Western Bank of Haw River image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dave Twamley, July 4, 2011
2. Western Bank of Haw River
1.087′ N, 79° 21.938′ W. Marker is near Graham, North Carolina, in Alamance County. Marker can be reached from Boywood Road. Located on the west bank of the Haw River. Path to marker is accessible from the canoe ramp parking lot at the Burlington - Swepsonville River Park and Trails. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2698 Boywood Road, Graham NC 27253, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. John Butler (approx. half a mile away); Alexander Wilson (approx. 1.3 miles away); W. Kerr Scott (approx. 2½ miles away); Mt. Hermon Meeting House (approx. 3.6 miles away); Graham College (approx. 3.8 miles away); Kirk-Holden War (approx. 3.8 miles away); Captain James W. White House (approx. 3.9 miles away); "Elmhurst" (approx. 4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Graham.
 
Haw River image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dave Twamley, July 4, 2011
3. Haw River
Path to Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dave Twamley, July 4, 2011
4. Path to Marker
Entrance to Parking Lot image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Dave Twamley, July 4, 2011
5. Entrance to Parking Lot
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on August 12, 2011, by Dave Simpson of Durham, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 839 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 12, 2011, by Dave Simpson of Durham, North Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=46022

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
This website earns income from purchases you make after using our links to Amazon.com. We appreciate your support.
Paid Advertisement
Apr. 19, 2024