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McCaysville in Fannin County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

The Madden Branch Massacre

Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia

 
 
The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, September 28, 2011
1. The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker
Inscription.  North of here on Madden Branch in Polk County, Tennessee, on November 29, 1864, during the American Civil War, six Georgians trying to enlist in the U.S. Army—Thomas Bell, Harvey Brewster, James T. Hughes, James B. Nelson, Elijah Robinson, Peter Parris, and Wyatt J. Parton—were executed by the notorious Confederate guerilla John P. Gatewood, “the long-haired, red-bearded beast from Georgia.” The Madden Branch Massacre was one of several atrocities that occurred as the mountain counties divided into pro and anti-Confederate factions. Many Georgians resented the Confederacy's strong central government measures such as conscription, impressment, and taxation and resisted by enlisting in the 5th Tennessee Mounted Infantry (U.S.) and the 1st Georgia State Troops Volunteers (U.S.) or forming their own guerilla units.
 
Erected 2011 by Georgia Historical Society and the Georgia Department of Economic Development for the Civil War 150 Commemoration. (Marker Number 55-1.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil
The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, September 28, 2011
2. The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker
Looking south across the Toccoa River bridge
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this page online
. In addition, it is included in the Georgia Historical Society series list. A significant historical date for this entry is November 29, 1864.
 
Location. 34° 59.25′ N, 84° 22.233′ W. Marker is in McCaysville, Georgia, in Fannin County. Marker is on Blue Ridge Drive (Georgia Route 5) 0 miles south of Toccoa Street (Georgia Route 60), on the right when traveling south. The marker is on Blue Ridge Drive just north of the Toccoa River. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 44 Blue Ridge Drive, Mc Caysville GA 30555, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Discovery of Copper (approx. 3 miles away in Tennessee); Hiwassee Mine (approx. 3.2 miles away in Tennessee); The Tennessee Overhill Experience (approx. 3.4 miles away in Tennessee); Blue Ridge Park (approx. 8.9 miles away); William Clayton Fain: Georgia Unionist (approx. 8.9 miles away); Fannin County (approx. 8.9 miles away); PFC. Jack Clem Robinson (approx. 8.9 miles away); North Carolina / Georgia (approx. 11 miles away in North Carolina).
 
More about this marker. The marker states that six Georgians were killed at Madden Branch, but lists seven names.
 
Regarding The Madden Branch Massacre. In his book "A Separate Civil War: Communities in Conflict in the Mountain South" (University of Virginia Press, 2012), Jonathan Dean Sarris relates that Peter Parris, mentioned in the marker text, actually escaped from
The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, September 28, 2011
3. The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker
The marker before it was dedicated on September 28, 2011.
the incident and though injured, survived. He later enlisted with the 5th Tennessee U.S. Cavalry but was soon discharged due to this injuries. The others killed in the massacre were posthumously in the unit. This possibly explains the contradiction in numbers shown on the marker (six men killed but seven names are listed).
 
The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, September 28, 2011
4. The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker
The marker before it was dedicated on September 28, 2011.
The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, September 28, 2011
5. The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker
Dr. Todd Groce, President/CEO of the Georgia Historical Society and the author of Mountain Rebels: East Tennessee Confederates and the Civil War, 1860-1870, giving the keynote address at the dedication.
The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, September 28, 2011
6. The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker
The marker unveiled.
The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, September 28, 2011
7. The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker
The marker unveiled
The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Seibert, September 28, 2011
8. The Madden Branch Massacre: Anti-Confederate activity in North Georgia Marker
Fannin County Government and historical officials participated in unveiling the marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 28, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 30, 2011, by David Seibert of Sandy Springs, Georgia. This page has been viewed 2,406 times since then and 53 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on September 30, 2011, by David Seibert of Sandy Springs, Georgia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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