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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Oakland in Garrett County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fort Alice

Railroad Bridge Destroyed

 
 
Fort Alice Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones, July 17, 2020
1. Fort Alice Marker
Inscription.  On April 26, 1863, during the Confederate occupation of Oakland, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill's partisan rangers attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad bridge here over the Youghiogheny River. They were part of a larger group that entered Oakland that Sunday as Confederate Gen. William E. “Grumble” Jones led an incursion into West Virginia and Maryland to hamper rail movements of Federal troops and supplies. The Confederates disarmed the small garrison at Fort Alice, destroyed the fort, and burned the bridge.

Fort Alice was one of many fortifications that the U.S. Army erected in Maryland and present-day West Virginia to guard the strategically vital railroad from Baltimore to the Ohio River. In 1861, the Federals constructed an earth and stone fortification fifteen feet high near the tracks to protect the railroad bridge here. Local troops garrisoned the fort periodically. Discipline was somewhat lax, however, and on the morning of the raid, most of the soldiers were away hunting.

Visitors may follow the path parallel to the river for about 500 feet to see the mounds in the woods that are
Fort Alice Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, August 13, 2006
2. Fort Alice Marker
This is a previous version of the marker. The text is identical to the current version although with a slightly different formatting.
Click or scan to see
this page online
the remains of Fort Alice.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Railroads & StreetcarsWar, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O), and the Maryland Civil War Trails series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1813.
 
Location. 39° 25.375′ N, 79° 25.185′ W. Marker is near Oakland, Maryland, in Garrett County. Marker is on Herrington Manor Road east of Fingerboard Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Oakland MD 21550, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Oakland, the B&O, and the Jones/Imboden Raid (approx. 0.3 miles away); A Tribute to Garrett County's Civil War Soldiers (approx. 0.3 miles away); Tradition of Washington Spring (approx. 0.8 miles away); Site of Oakland Hotel (approx. one mile away); 1920 Baldwin Steam Locomotive (approx. 1.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Oakland.
 
Additional keywords. B&O Railroad
 
Fort Alice Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones, July 17, 2020
3. Fort Alice Marker
View from the Road image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, August 13, 2006
4. View from the Road
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 18, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 16, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 3,158 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 18, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.   2. submitted on August 16, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.   3. submitted on July 18, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.   4. submitted on August 16, 2006, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Photo of the remains of Fort Alice • Photo of the current railroad bridge • Can you help?

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Jul. 4, 2022