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Paducah in McCracken County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
 

Union Headquarters

 
 
Union Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 14, 2011
1. Union Headquarters Marker
Inscription.  Because its location at the confluence of the Ohio and Tennessee rivers, and at the northern terminus of the railroad, Paducah was a strategic location throughout the War.

Large numbers of troops and supplies passed through Paducah on their way to campaigns in the lower South. Union headquarters was located here, a more convenient location than Fort Anderson for those with business to conduct with the city's commander.

A number of officers, some of whom went on to distinguish themselves in the War, served in Paducah or as commanders of the District of Paducah. Most notably, William Tecumseh Sherman was in command of the District of Paducah from February to March 1862. One of the longest serving was Col. Stephen G. Hicks. Hicks was district commander during the Battle of Paducah. Following the battle Hicks ordered a large number of buildings in the vicinity of Fort Anderson torn down because they had been used by Confederate to fire into the fort. This action was seen as excessive by local residents who were reminded of the abuses of the civil liberties by one of Hick's predecessors, General E.A. Paine.

At the beginning
Union Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, August 10, 2020
2. Union Headquarters Marker
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of the War Hicks was among the leading citizens of Salem, Illinois. He joined the Union Army in July 1861 at Clear Lake, Illinois. Hicks had served as a Lt. Colonel in the Mexican War and served in the Illinois legislature at the same time as Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. He was mustered in as Colonel of the 40th Illinois Volunteer Infantry and briefly commanded the recruiting post at Camp Butler, Illinois. He was seriously wounded at the Battle of Shiloh and did not return to his command for seven months while recovering. Within a few days of his return to active duty, he was discharged because of the severity of his injuries. At his own request, however, he was returned to active duty two months later and, because his injuries prevented him from taking a field command, was appointed district commander in Paducah from November 1, 1863 serving until the end of the War, except for a few periods when he was assigned elsewhere temporarily. He was mustered out of the Army in July 1865 and returned to Salem, Illinois. After the War Hicks received a pension because of the injuries, he sustained at Shiloh. The physician who examined him states that his arm was completely useless to the point that Hicks could neither dress nor undress himself. Hicks died in 1867.
 
Erected by The Paducah-McCraken County Convention & Visitors Bureau.
Union Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Sandra Hughes, September 14, 2011
3. Union Headquarters Marker
Civil War era map of western Kentucky, western Tennessee and northern Mississippi. Strategically located Paducah (top center of map) served as as Union headquarters.
(Marker Number 22.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is March 1862.
 
Location. 37° 5.162′ N, 88° 35.978′ W. Marker is in Paducah, Kentucky, in McCracken County. Marker is on Broadway Street west of South 5th Street, on the right when traveling east. Marker is near the old Columbia Theatre. Broadway is a one-way street, going east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 508 Broadway St, Paducah KY 42001, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Barkley's Law Office (a few steps from this marker); Paducah Pictorial (a few steps from this marker); Guthrie Building (within shouting distance of this marker); St. Francis de Sales (within shouting distance of this marker); 8th U.S. Heavy Artillery (Colored) (within shouting distance of this marker); Paducah's Indian Name (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); "Duke of Paducah" (about 400 feet away); Gunsmith Ferd Hummel (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Paducah.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 11, 2020. It was originally submitted on October 17, 2011, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. This page has been viewed 517 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on October 17, 2011, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA.   2. submitted on August 11, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.   3. submitted on October 17, 2011, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 14, 2021