Near Springfield in Sangamon County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The Camp later served as a Prisoner of War (POW) facility for thousands of Confederate soldiers captured in battles along the Cumberland, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas Rivers, such as Fort Donelson and Fort Hindman (Arkansas Post). Living conditions within this camp, for both recruits and prisoners, were primitive at best.
Disease was widespread within Camp Butler. Pneumonia, Small Pox, Dysentery, and other illnesses claimed the lives of 639 Union and 866 Confederate soldiers, many of whom were buried within the confines of the Camp. Included among the Confederates were soldiers from Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama. Today the Confederate graves are distinguishable
Although the Camp was deactivated in 1866, the cemetery remains an active military burial site. In 2011, the National Cemetery occupied over 53 acres and is the final resting place for more than 20,000 U.S. Veterans and eligible family members. Also interred here are POW soldiers from World War II, whose remains were relocated from various camps and forts throughout the Midwest.
Erected 2011 by the Illinois Sesquicentennial Civil War Round Table Commission and the Illinois State Historical Society.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • War, US Civil • War, World II. In addition, it is included in the Illinois State Historical Society, and the National Cemeteries series lists.
Location. 39° 49.915′ N, 89° 33.404′ W. Marker is near Springfield, Illinois, in Sangamon County. Marker is at the intersection of Old River Road and Camp Butler Road, on the right when traveling east on Old River Road. Marker is located at the main entrance of the cemetery. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 5063 Camp Butler Road, Springfield IL 62704, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A National Cemetery System (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Camp Butler National CemeteryConfederate Burials in the National Cemetery (about 700 feet away); Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address (approx. ¼ mile away); Potawatomi Trail of Death (approx. 0.7 miles away); Abraham Lincoln and the Talisman (approx. 3 miles away); Illinois Remembers POW/MIA (approx. 4.4 miles away); Abraham Lincoln (approx. 4.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Springfield.
Also see . . . Original 1934 Historical Marker at this location. (Submitted on January 22, 2012.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 12, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 22, 2012, by Larry Senalik of Pleasant Plains, Illinois. This page has been viewed 673 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 18, 2011, by Larry Senalik of Pleasant Plains, Illinois. 3. submitted on December 11, 2011, by Larry Senalik of Pleasant Plains, Illinois. 4. submitted on January 7, 2008, by Angie Shaffer of Springfield, Illinois. 5, 6. submitted on January 10, 2008, by Angie Shaffer of Springfield, Illinois. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.