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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Bolivar in Jefferson County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Protecting the Supply Lines

 
 
Protecting the Supply Lines Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
1. Protecting the Supply Lines Marker
Inscription.  "...make all the valleys south of the Baltimore and Ohio [rail]road a desert as high up as possible...so that crows flying over it [Virginia] for the balance of the season will have to carry their provisions with them."
Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA
July 17, 1864

Securing Harpers Ferry as a supply base was essential during Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign in the Fall of 1864. In front of you are the weathered remains of Battery #1 overlooking the mouth of the Shenandoah Valley. These fortifications built by Sheridan were never attacked by the Confederates.

Union wagons became favorite targets of Confederate cavalry once beyond the safety of Bolivar Heights. Despite harassment from Lt. Col. John S. Mosby's Rebel raiders, Sheridan successfully defeated Lt. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army in the Shenandoah Valley in four major battles from September 19 through October 19, 1864.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location. 39° 19.163′ N, 77° 45.833′ 
The 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
2. The 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign Map
W. Marker is in Bolivar, West Virginia, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from Prospect Avenue. Located on the Bolivar Heights trail in the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Harpers Ferry WV 25425, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fortifying Bolivar Heights (approx. 0.2 miles away); Jackson at Harpers Ferry (approx. 0.2 miles away); A Union Predicament (approx. ¼ mile away); Confederate Victory (approx. ¼ mile away); Casualties of War (approx. ¼ mile away); The First Line of Defense: The Union Skirmish Line (approx. ¼ mile away); A Position Strong by Nature (approx. 0.3 miles away); Rats in a Cage (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bolivar.
 
More about this marker. On the left side is a map showing the operations in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864. "Harpers Ferry's strategic location made it an important Union supply depot in 1864." In the lower center a drawing shows "A United States Armory building used for quartermaster's stores for Sheridan's army, as sketched by Civil War illustrator A.R. Waud." On the upper right is a painting of an "Attack on Sheridan's supply train at Berryville, Virginia."
 
Protecting the Supply Lines Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 22, 2007
3. Protecting the Supply Lines Marker
Protecting the Supply Lines Marker image. Click for full size.
By Henry T. McLin, July 1, 2009
4. Protecting the Supply Lines Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 5, 2020. It was originally submitted on February 13, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,126 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on February 13, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on July 3, 2009, by Henry T. McLin of Hanover, Pennsylvania.
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Feb. 27, 2021