New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Located between Riverside Church and International House, Sakura Park owes its name to more than 2000 cherry trees delivered to parks in New York City from Japan in 1912. The word sakura means “cherry blossom” in Japanese. The cherry trees were to be presented as a gift from the Committee of Japanese Residents of New York as part of the Hudson-Fulton Celebration in 1909.
This 18-day celebration, which commemorated the 100th anniversary of Robert Fulton’s innovative demonstration of the steam-powered boat on the Hudson River and the 300th anniversary of Henry Hudson’s discovery and exploration of that river, took place throughout the state of New York. However, the steamer that carried the original delivery of cherry trees from Japan was lost at sea. A new shipment of trees arrived in New York City in 1912, and they were planted in Riverside and Sakura Parks at that time.
Land for Sakura Park was purchased from John D. Rockefeller by the City of New York as an easterly extension of Riverside Park in 1896. Also known as Claremont Park, this land directly east of Grant’s Tomb featured rolling terrain
The two year process included grading the site and laying formal paths to create rectangular plots of grass and shrubs, enclosed by hedges and fencing. A massive buttressed retaining wall, whose design reproduced that of the wall surrounding Keniworth Abbey in England, was built on the eastern border of the park along Claremont Avenue. The park was reopened to the public on May 25, 1934.
A monument to General Daniel Butterfield (1831 – 1901) was erected in 1918 in the southeast corner of Sakura Park. Sculpted by Gutzon Borglum, who also designed Mount Rushmore, the bronze Butterfield monument depicts the Civil War hero standing on a rock with his arms crossed and hat cocked. Butterfield, a Union soldier who rose to the rank of major-general and chief of staff of the Army of the Potomac, is best known for composing Taps, the melancholy bugle call performed during military funerals and memorial ceremonies.
A stone Japanese tori, or lantern, was donated to Sakura Park by the City of Tokyo and officially dedicated on October 10, 1960 with Crown Prince Akihito, now Emperor of Japan, and Princess Michiko in attendance. A common fixture
In 1981 the architectural firm of Quennell Rothschild Associates was engaged to renovate Sakura Park. The capital reconstruction included the installment of a play area for toddlers and plantings of linden trees, barberry shrubs, and several varieties of Japanese cherry trees. A pavilion, which is used as a performance space by Manhattan School of Music, was also added to the park.
At the 1986 ribbon-cutting ceremony, Japanese Consul Hideo Nomoto stated: “In Japan, The sakura is a symbol of renewal and bright promise. The appearance of their fragile blossoms each spring strikes a resonant note in all Japanese. New Yorkers can enjoy cherry trees once again in Sakura Park, an island of calm on the hectic island of Manhattan.”
City of New York Parks & Recreation
Michael R. Bloomberg, Mayor
Adrian Benepe, Commissioner
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Natural Features.
Location. 40° 48.766′ N, 73° 57.766′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is at the intersection of Riverside Drive and West 122nd Street, on the right when traveling north on Riverside Drive. Marker is located across the street from Grant's Tomb. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10027, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. General Grant Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); The Amiable Child Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Horace Porter (within shouting distance of this marker); General Daniel Butterfield Statue (within shouting distance of this marker); Fred’k D. Grant (within shouting distance of this marker); Tomb of General U.S. Grant (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Four Chaplains Memorial (about 300 feet away); New York Korean War Memorial (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
Also see . . . Sakura Park. Official NYC Parks description, with links to park monuments. (Submitted on April 12, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on April 12, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 1, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 333 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 1, 2012, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.