Micanopy in Alachua County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
On the onset of the Second Seminole War in December 1835 caused great devastation. Nearby sugar plantations and homesteads were burned and entire families sought the safety of Micanopy, which had been barricaded with log pickets and renamed Fort Defiance by the military. During the summer of 1836, the Battle of Micanopy and the Battle of Wilika Pond took place here. On August 24, with most soldiers sick or wounded, the US Army evacuated the fort and town and all buildings were intentionally burned. Afterward, Fort Micanopy was erected in 1837. The town was rebuilt after the Seminole War, with few of the original inhabitants returning. Cotton replaced sugar cane as a staple crop and cattle production assumed new importance. Following the Civil War and with the advent of the railroad, the Micanopy area became known as the "leading orange and vegetable growing section of Florida." After a freeze in 1894-95, orange cultivation was curtailed, but farmers continued to flourish by growing winter vegetables for northern markets. By the 1920s, truck farming was largely displaced by the lumber and turpentine industries. Many of the town's larger surviving homes reflect the previous era of agricultural prosperity.
Erected 2010 by Florida Heritage Landmark
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Agriculture • Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers • Wars, US Indian.
Location. 29° 30.358′ N, 82° 16.777′ W. Marker is in Micanopy, Florida, in Alachua County. Marker is on NE 1st Street (County Road 25A) near N.E. Peach Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Located in front of the gazebo. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Micanopy FL 32667, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Moses Elias Levy (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Bartram (about 700 feet away); Battle of Micanopy (approx. 0.6 miles away); Seminole Heritage in Micanopy (approx. 0.6 miles away); Second Seminole War (approx. 0.6 miles away); Evinston Community Store and Post Office / History of Evinston, Florida (approx. 3.6 miles away); Madison Starke Perry (approx. 3.9 miles away); Rochelle Vicinity (approx. 7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Micanopy.
More about this marker. This marker replaces F-202
Regarding Micanopy. National Register of Historic Places:
Micanopy Historic District (added 1983 - - #83003512)
♦ Historic Significance: Information Potential,
♦ Architect, builder, or engineer: Multiple
♦ Architectural Style: Late Victorian, Mixed (More Than 2 Styles From Different Periods)
♦ Area of Significance: Exploration/Settlement, Politics/Government, Architecture, Historic - Aboriginal,
Commerce, Military, Agriculture
♦ Cultural Affiliation: Timucuan, Seminole
♦ Period of Significance: 1925-1949, 1900-1924, 1875-1899, 1850-1874, 1825-1849, 1800-1824, 1750-1799, 1700-1749
♦ Historic Function: Agriculture/Subsistence, Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Funerary
♦ Current Function: Commerce/Trade, Domestic, Landscape
Also see . . . Micanopy Historical Society. Two Second Seminole War period forts (Submitted on April 10, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Credits. This page was last revised on March 19, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 10, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 909 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 11, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.