Ridgecrest in Buncombe County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Swannanoa Gap Engagement
Blocking the Way
On April 20, 1865, Union Gen. Alvan C. Gillem, [picture included] leading two of Gen. George Stoneman's brigades, attempted to cross the Blue Ridge at Swannanoa Gap en route to Asheville. Confederate Gen. James G. Martin sent his entire command to the gap and stopped Gillem at Royal Gorge (in front of you to the left). Pvt. Charles White recalled, "Our Home Guard got busy on the mountain sides and cut big trees across the roads leading to Swannanoa and Lakey's Gaps. We succeeded in making a barricade that no cavalry force would soon cross or
Two days later, the raiders approached Asheville after "a forced march of sixty-nine miles" through Rutherford, Polk, and Henderson Counties. Then, wrote White, "The Yankees got word of General Lee's [April 9] surrender and soon all of their prisoners were given freedom to where they chose. The 17 year-old White returned to his home on the Broad River while Stoneman's raiders continued toward Asheville.
"I regarded the possession of one of the gaps of the Blue Ridge as being absolutely necessary to the safety of my command." — Gen. Alvan Gillem
(Side note) Mystery Grave
Near here is a mysterious grave. Its occupant is unknown, and Confederate veterans told two conflicting stories about it. In one version, a Union scout was stabbed in a scuffle with a Home Guardsman. The other scouts retreated, calling out to him, "Come on, Bill." The Home Guard buried the man with a crude gravestone inscribed "Bill". According to the
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 35° 37.33′ N, 82° 16.323′ W. Marker is in Ridgecrest, North Carolina, in Buncombe County. Marker is on Yates Avenue near Old U.S. 70, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Black Mountain NC 28711, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Swannanoa Tunnel (within shouting distance of this marker); Swannanoa Gap (approx. 0.2 miles away); Stoneman's Raid (approx. 0.4 miles away); Mount Mitchell Railroad (approx. 1.6 miles away); Andrews Geyser (approx. 2.7 miles Montreat College (approx. 2.8 miles away); André Michaux (approx. 2.8 miles away); a different marker also named Andrews Geyser (approx. 3.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ridgecrest.
Also see . . .
1. George Stoneman, Jr. At the start of the Civil War Stoneman was in command of Fort Brown, Texas, and refused the order of Maj. Gen. David E. Twiggs to surrender to the newly established Confederate authorities there, escaping to the north with most of his command .... (Submitted on June 5, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
2. Alvan Cullem Gillem. .With the outbreak of the Civil War, Gillem became a captain on May 14, 1861, initially serving under George H. Thomas. ... (Submitted on June 5, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 28, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 4, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 893 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on June 5, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on June 4, 2012, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.