Berkeley Springs in Morgan County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
Campaign in the Snow
Jackson Captures Bath and Romney
— Jackson's Bath-Romney Campaign —
The summer of 1861 had been disastrous for Confederate arms in western Virginia (present day West Virginia) and by the New Year the Virginia counties west of the Alleghenies were on the road to statehood. On January 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, with 8,500 men and 26 cannons, began a winter campaign to disrupt Federal control. By seizing the county seats of Bath (present-day Berkeley Springs) and Romney, he could threaten Cumberland, Maryland, and advance toward Parkersburg along the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
Jackson’s forces suffered terribly from freezing rain and snow, and an estimated 2,000 soldiers fell, not to bullets, but to sickness and disease. Jackson seized Bath after three running battles and shelling Hancock, Maryland, across the Potomac River. Advancing on Romney, Jackson’s men suffered the worst day of the campaign on January 7, hauling guns and wagons up icy roads and suffering broken arms and legs.
The Federal garrison evacuated Romney on January 10, as the frozen, weary Confederates approached. They entered unopposed on January 14. While the campaign had been a success,
"I don't think I was ever more disgusted with the war than then. During this trip my patriotism has at times been put to very severe tests & I am sorry to say has sometimes been at very low ebb." - Confederate Pvt. Randolph Fairfax, Rockbridge Light Artillery
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1862.
Location. 39° 37.596′ N, 78° 13.638′ W. Marker is in Berkeley Springs, West Virginia, in Morgan County. Marker is at the intersection of Fairfax Street and North Washington Street (West Virginia Highway 9) on Fairfax Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 92 Fairfax Street, Berkeley Springs WV 25411, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. The Sons and Daughters of Morgan County (here, next to this marker); Battle for Bath (a few steps from this marker); Morgan County Veteran's Monument (a few steps from this marker); James Muir (within shouting distance of this marker); Morgan County Vietnam Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); A Castle Built for Love (within shouting distance of this marker); William Herbert / Dr. John Meade Travers (within shouting distance of this marker); William Ramsey and James Stuart (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Berkeley Springs.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 21, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 22, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 843 times since then and 101 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 16, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.