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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Bristow in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Roads to Bristoe Station

Bristoe Station

 
 
Roads to Bristoe Station Marker image. Click for full size.
September 2, 2012
1. Roads to Bristoe Station Marker
Inscription.  In June of 1862, fighting in Virginia was focused around the Confederate Capital in Richmond. In a series of battles known as the Seven Days Campaign, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee beat back Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan’s Federal Army of the Potomac. At the same time a new Federal force, named the Army of Virginia, was created to assist McClellan in putting pressure on Richmond. Under the command of Maj. Gen. John Pope, this army numbered nearly 45,000 men. In July Pope’s army began to push toward the railroad junction at Gordonsville in central Virginia. In response, Lee detached Maj. Gen. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson with 25,000 men to meet the new threat.

On August 9, Jackson attacked Pope’s 2nd Corps at Cedar Mountain near Culpeper but the timely arrival of Union reinforcements forced Jackson’s withdrawal. Shortly afterward Lee became aware that McClellan’s army had left the Peninsula under orders to move northward and join forces with Pope. The threat to Richmond removed, Lee reacted swiftly and marched his 55,000 men to join Jackson with the intention of concentrating his entire army against Pope before McClellan’s nearly
Roads to Bristoe Station Marker image. Click for full size.
September 2, 2012
2. Roads to Bristoe Station Marker
The middle of this set of three markers.
90,000 reinforcements could arrive.

After skirmishing with Pope’s army along the Rappahannock River, Lee boldly divided his forces, sending Jackson’s wing around the western flank of Pope’s Rappahannock line to cut his communications somewhere along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. This action would force Pope’s retreat and give Lee the opportunity to maneuver into a favorable position to destroy Pope’s army. The balance of Lee’s army, Maj. Gen. James Longstreet’s wing, would remain in the front of Pope during this operation. In a matter of two days, Jackson’s “foot cavalry” marched 56 miles through fields, streams and mountains to strike the railroad here, at Bristoe Station.
 
Erected 2012 by Prince William County Department of Public Works, Historic Preservation Division.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location. 38° 43.615′ N, 77° 32.679′ W. Marker is in Bristow, Virginia, in Prince William County. Marker can be reached from Iron Brigade Unit Avenue. Marker is located at edge of the parking lot at the Bristoe Station Battlefield Heritage Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Bristow VA 20136, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Bristoe 1861-1862 Trail (here, next to this marker); Confederate Cemeteries (within
Close-up of Map on Marker image. Click for full size.
September 2, 2012
3. Close-up of Map on Marker
shouting distance of this marker); Bristoe Station Battlefield Heritage Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Lees Last Move North: The Bristoe Station Campaign of 1863 (within shouting distance of this marker); Bristoe 1863 Trail (within shouting distance of this marker); Federal Winter Quarter (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Camp Jones (about 300 feet away); Lee Catches Meade (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Bristow.
 
More about this marker. The lower left of the marker displays two portraits captioned (Left) General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, C.S.A. and (Right) General John Pope, U.S.A. Courtesy of The Library of Congress.

On the upper right of the marker is a sketch captioned Robert Knox Sneden of the 40th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment served as a quartermaster and one of the war's most prolific mapmakers. He sketched this image of Bristoe Battlefied in 1862, and later became a landscape painter. Courtesy of the Virginia Historical Society.

On the right side of the marker is a map captioned Situation in Virginia on August 24, 1862

The bottom of the marker includes the Virginia Civil War Trails Bugle Logo and a QR Code.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 10, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 2, 2012. This page has been viewed 494 times since then and 42 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 2, 2012. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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Sep. 30, 2020