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Lewisburg in Greenbrier County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Battle of Lewisburg

A Brief Fight

 
 
Battle of Lewisburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 6, 2012
1. Battle of Lewisburg Marker
Inscription.  Early in May 1862, Union Col. George Crook, 36th Ohio Infantry, led his command from Charleston to raid the Virginia Central Railroad near Covington. After tearing up track and burning a bridge, he and his men arrived in Lewisburg on May 17, with Confederate Gen. Henry Heth’s forces pursuing at a distance.

At about dawn on May 23, the sound of artillery and the rattle of small-arms fire awakened the inhabitants of Lewisburg. Crook’s forces were camped behind the grounds of the present-day community college. Heth approached from the east, advancing up Washington Street. At first it appeared as though the Confederate attack would succeed, but the 2nd West Virginia Cavalry charged and broke Heth’s line. With the Federals in pursuit, the Confederates retreated, crossed the Greenbrier River at Caldwell, and burned the bridge behind them. The battle lasted little more than an hour, and the Confederate casualties greatly exceeded those of the Federals.

Several building in Lewisburg were used as temporary hospitals, including John Wesley Methodist Church, Old Stone Presbyterian Church, and the former Greenbrier County Library building.
Battle of Lewisburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 14, 2019
2. Battle of Lewisburg Marker
The Southern dead were laid out in the Old Stone Church and later buried without ceremony.

Lewisburg, though primarily under Union control throughout the war, remained a point of contention between Union and Confederate forces contending for control of the railroads and turnpikes. The Ohio and Virginia units that fought here faced three more years of war and battles, including those at Antietam and Cold Harbor.
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 37° 48.168′ N, 80° 26.856′ W. Marker is in Lewisburg, West Virginia, in Greenbrier County. Marker is at the intersection of Church Street (U.S. 60) and Washington Street on Church Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lewisburg WV 24901, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Lewisburg Foundation (a few steps from this marker); Shuck Memorial Baptist Church (within shouting distance of this marker); William Cammack Campbell (within shouting distance of this marker); Greenbrier College / Greenbrier Hall (within shouting distance of this marker); Carnegie Hall
Battle of Lewisburg Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 6, 2012
3. Battle of Lewisburg Marker
(about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Confederate Cemetery / The Civil War (about 400 feet away); Lewisburg (about 400 feet away); Rev. John McElhenney, D.D. (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lewisburg.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 7, 2019. It was originally submitted on September 10, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 722 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 10, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   2. submitted on October 7, 2019, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.   3. submitted on September 10, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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Jul. 6, 2020