Swanton in Garrett County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Deep Creek Lake Discovery Center
A Healthy Lake Needs Trees
Lakeside forests offer a mix of habitat that benefits wildlife species. The moist fertile soils support a diversity of beneficial plants that provide food and cover. Mink, otter, deer, bear, songbirds, waterfowl, turtles, raccoons and many other species make use of these menus.
Food for Fish-
A forest canopy swaying over the lake edge adds coarse, woody debris, limbs and leaves as well as an occasional tree trunk or stump. All of this is cover and food sources for fish and other aquatic animals and insects.
A forest buffer as narrow as 50 feet in width can remove the majority of pollutants from surface and subsurface runoff before it reaches a stream. A tree’s roots absorb excess nutrients-phosphorus and nitrogen, and hold the soil in place, providing a barrier for pesticides, fertilizers and other pollutants that may suffocate lake life.
Canopy and Shade-
Trees provide shade that moderates summer water temperatures so fish and other lake dwellers, like insects, frogs, and salamanders that need cooler water can survive. Fish will seek out
The broad root systems of trees stabilize lakeshore banks and thereby reduce erosion. Forest buffers along waterways absorb rainfall that carries soil and pollutants many times more that the rate of grass turf and 40 times that of a plowed field.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Environment.
Location. 39° 30.72′ N, 79° 18.084′ W. Marker is in Swanton, Maryland, in Garrett County. Marker is on State Park Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 898 State Park Road, Swanton MD 21561, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. History of Deep Creek Lake (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fighting Forest Fires (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fighting Forest Fires Is a Hard Job (approx. 0.2 miles away); Deep Creek Lake (approx. 2.1 miles away); Col. James McHenry of Baltimore (approx. 3.6 miles away); The National Road (approx. 4.6 miles away); Western Maryland (approx. 4.6 miles away); Altamont (approx. 5.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Swanton.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 18, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 639 times since then and 167 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 18, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.