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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fort Davis in Jeff Davis County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

San Antonio-El Paso Road

 
 
San Antonio-El Paso Road Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Kirchner, October 24, 2012
1. San Antonio-El Paso Road Marker
Inscription.  Westward expeditions opened trails from San Antonio to El Paso in the late 1840s. Two routes, called the upper and lower roads, converged at the Pecos River to traverse the Davis Mountains.

Henry Skillman (1814-1864) began a courier service along the road in 1850 and was awarded a U.S. Government contract to carry the mail. He formed a partnership with George H. Giddings (1823-1902) in 1854, and they established relay stations along the route, including one at the new U.S. Army Post at Fort Davis.

During the Civil War, control of the area passed to the Confederates, and Giddings continued mail service for the new government.

By 1867 Fort Davis was occupied by four companies of the 9th U.S. Cavalry. After Federal reoccupation, stage and courier routes were more frequently utilized, with travelers often accompanied by Army escorts from Fort Davis and other posts.

After the arrival of railroads in West Texas in the 1880s, use of overland roads declined sharply, though the trails did provide access to new settlers and were still used by the army as links between forts. Vestiges of the Old San Antonio-El
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Paso Overland Road can still be seen in Fort Davis and surrounding areas.
(Texas Sesquicentennial 1836-1986)

 
Erected 1986 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 10486.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesRoads & Vehicles. In addition, it is included in the San Antonio-El Paso Road series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1850.
 
Location. 30° 35.639′ N, 103° 53.543′ W. Marker is in Fort Davis, Texas, in Jeff Davis County. Marker is at the intersection of Fort Street and 3rd Street, on the right when traveling south on Fort Street. Marker is on the southwest corner. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fort Davis TX 79734, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. First Contact (approx. 0.2 miles away); Food & Shelter (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fort Davis (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Fort Davis (approx. ¼ mile away); The First Fort Davis (approx. ¼ mile away); St. Joseph Catholic Church (approx. ¼ mile away); Sick Call (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Fort Davis (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Davis.
 
San Antonio-El Paso Road Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Kirchner, October 24, 2012
2. San Antonio-El Paso Road Marker
San Antonio-El Paso Road Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bill Kirchner, October 24, 2012
3. San Antonio-El Paso Road Marker
San Antonio-El Paso Road image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Richard Denney, December 22, 2009
4. San Antonio-El Paso Road
Sign located inside nearby Fort Davis National Historic Site (U.S. National Park Service).
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on November 18, 2012, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 817 times since then and 64 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 18, 2012, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.   4. submitted on November 22, 2015, by Richard Denney of Austin, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 23, 2024