Near Erie in Neosho County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Originally from the Ohio Valley, the Osages agreed in 1810 to a treaty to relinquish lands in Missouri and relocate along the Neosho River in Kansas. Under the leadership of Chief Pahuska, called White Hair, the Osages lived and hunted on their new reservation where they faced attacks from their rivals, the Cherokees. A trading post was soon established and in 1824 the first Indian mission and school in this area was built. Operated by Presbyterians and associated denominations, it was located about 3.5 miles west of here. The missionaries failed to attract pupils and to convince the Osages to trade a hunting lifestyle for farming. The mission was also unsuccessful in converting the Osages to Christianity and closed in 1829. A Catholic mission established in 1842 found more success than the early mission. During the Civil War, the Osages formed a regiment and helped counter a Confederate attack. The Osages were forced to leave Kansas in 1870. Today the Osage Nation’s federal reservation lands (approximately 1.5 million acres) are located in north central Oklahoma.
Erected 2012 by State of Kansas
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Churches & Religion • Government & Politics • Native Americans. In addition, it is included in the Kansas Historical Society series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1810.
Location. 37° 36.072′ N, 95° 15.096′ W. Marker is near Erie, Kansas, in Neosho County. Marker is at the intersection of Pratt Road (U.S. 59) and 160th Road (State Highway 146), on the right when traveling north on Pratt Road. Marker is near the entrance to Prairie Ridge Golf Course, about two miles north of Erie. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 15900 US Highway 59, Erie KS 66733, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 12 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Mission Neosho (here, next to this marker); Veterans Memorial (approx. 2.3 miles away); Lieutenant Leland R. Richey, U.S.N.R. (approx. 2.4 miles away); American Legion Post 102 Veterans Memorial (approx. 2˝ miles away); Civil War Soldiers and Sailors Memorial (approx. 3.2 miles away); War Memorial (approx. 7.1 miles away); Osage Catholic Mission (approx. 7.7 miles away); Chanute Area Veterans Memorial (approx. 11˝ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Erie.
Regarding Osage Nation. This marker replaced the Kansas Historical Marker titled "Mission Neosho"
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. The Osage Nation. Tribe website homepage (Submitted on June 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Mission Neosho: The First Kansas Mission. Kansas Historical Quarterly website entry (Submitted on June 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
3. Neosho County. Kansapedia website entry (Submitted on June 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 26, 2022. It was originally submitted on June 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 467 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 9, 2013, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.