Jersey City in Hudson County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Changes in the Land
The land we know as Liberty State Park has undergone many changes. Known to the Lenape Indians as Communipaw Cove, it was a place of saltmarshes and oysters. Later Dutch and English settlers harvested salt hay for their livestock. To native people and early settlers, the saltmarsh provided resources necessary for survival.
The 19th century brought many changes. The area became a vital transportation hub. The railroads needed access to deep water shipping lanes and gradually filled the shallow marshlands. Over 200 million cubic yards of fill material, mostly construction debris and other refuse from New York City, was used to cover the marsh. The diagram above shows the filling process.
Today, construction within the Park often uncovers artifacts from the past. Ceramic bottles and pipes, glassware, artillery and twelve inch oyster shells are testimony to a previous time.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Railroads & Streetcars.
Location. 40° 41.932′ N, 74° 2.982′ W. Marker is Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Jersey City NJ 07304, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Historic Trilogy (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Salt Marsh (approx. 0.2 miles away); The New Ferry Building – Ellis Island (approx. half a mile away in New York); The South Side of Ellis Island (approx. half a mile away in New York); The American Immigrant Wall of Honor ® (approx. 0.6 miles away in New York); Liberation (approx. 0.6 miles away); Fort Gibson: The Other Ellis Island Story (approx. 0.6 miles away in New York); Fort Gibson: Uncovering the Past (approx. 0.6 miles away in New York). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jersey City.
More about this marker. A map at the top of the marker shows the original outlines of Liberty Island. Ellis Island and Jersey City and how they increased over the years.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 16, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 312 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 16, 2013, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.