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Galveston in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Nicholas J. Clayton

(November 1, 1839 - December 9, 1916)

 
 
Nicholas J. Clayton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, December 1, 2013
1. Nicholas J. Clayton Marker
Inscription.  A native of Ireland, Nicholas Joseph Clayton emigrated to Ohio with his widowed mother in the early 1840s. After serving in the Union navy during the Civil War, he joined the Memphis architectural firm of Jones and Baldwin. In 1872 he was sent to Galveston to supervise construction of two company projects, the First Presbyterian Church and the Tremont Hotel. Attracted by the city's vitality and growth, he stayed to open his own architectural office.

A tireless worker noted for his bold style, attention to detailing, and professionalism, Clayton designed elaborate churches, commercial structures and homes throughout Texas and the South. His most significant contribution, however, was his influence on Galveston's architecture. From the 1870s to the early twentieth century, a period known as the city's golden era, his distinctive style was dominant.

Examples of Clayton's work which still exist include the Walter Gresham House (Bishop's Palace), Ashbel Smith Building (Old Red), W. L. Moody Building, and the Trueheart-Adriance Building in Galveston; St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Edward's College (Old Main) in Austin; R. E. Stafford
Nicholas J. Clayton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jim Evans, December 1, 2013
2. Nicholas J. Clayton Marker
The marker is on the corner partially hidden by the street light.
Bank and opera house in Columbus; and Sacred Heart Church in Palestine.
 
Erected 1982 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 8235.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ArchitectureChurches & ReligionSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil.
 
Location. 29° 18.419′ N, 94° 47.726′ W. Marker is in Galveston, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker is at the intersection of Strand Street and 24th Street, on the right when traveling west on Strand Street. Located on the northeast corner of the intersection. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Galveston TX 77550, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Mitchell Street (here, next to this marker); Hutchings, Sealy & Co. Buildings (a few steps from this marker); Hutchings, Sealy & Co. (a few steps from this marker); Merchants Mutual Insurance Company Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Magale Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Greenleve, Block & Co. Building (within shouting distance of this marker); 1871 Thomas Jefferson League Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Saengerfest Park (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Galveston.
 
Also see . . .
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1. Nicholas Clayton's Biography from the Handbook of Texas. (Submitted on December 3, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
2. And Archive of Clayton's Drawings and Papers at the University of Texas. (Submitted on December 3, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 21, 2019. It was originally submitted on December 3, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 463 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 3, 2013, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Aug. 7, 2020