“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
White Hall in Lowndes County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)

Campsite 2

Selma to Montgomery Trail

Campsite 2 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, December 27, 2013
1. Campsite 2 Marker
Rosie Steele Farm
March 22, 1965

Erected by the National Park Service.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil Rights. In addition, it is included in the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church, and the Unitarian Universalism (UUism) series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is March 1913.
Location. 32° 16.074′ N, 86° 42.345′ W. Marker is in White Hall, Alabama, in Lowndes County. Marker is on U.S. 80, 1.1 miles east of White Hall Road, on the right when traveling west. Located 1.2 miles east of the original Selma to Montgomery "Tent City" and Lowndesboro Interpretive Center operated by the National Park Service. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Hayneville AL 36040, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Holy Ground Battlefield (approx. 1.1 miles away); A Price Paid (approx. 1.2 miles away); No Isolated Incident (approx. 1.2 miles away); Marchers, Supporters, Hecklers (approx. 1.2 miles away);
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Day Two (approx. 1.3 miles away); You Gotta Move (approx. 1.3 miles away); After the March—Tent City (approx. 1.3 miles away); It Started in Selma (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in White Hall.
Regarding Campsite 2. National Park Service

Selma to Montgomery March
Until 1965, counties in Alabama used preventive measures in order to prevent African-Americans from registering to vote. Because of this, only 2% percent of the African-American population of Dallas County at that time was able to vote and 0% in Lowndes County. However, civil rights activists began to protest in Selma in order to bring attention to this injustice. These protests were often met by violence from the local sheriff's department, leaving many wondering what was going to happen next.
On the evening of February 18, 1965 during a protest to free SCLC supporter Rev. James Orange from the Perry County Jail, located in Marion ,AL, Jimmie Lee Jackson was shot in the abdomen. Jackson died from his wounds on February 26.
On March 7, approximately 600 non-violent protestors, the vast majority being African-American, departed
Campsite 2 Marker Area image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, December 27, 2013
2. Campsite 2 Marker Area
from Brown Chapel A.M.E. Church in Selma with the intent on marching 54-miles to Montgomery, as a memorial to Jimmy Lee Jackson and to protest for voter's rights. As they crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge on March 7, they were met by a column of State Troopers and local volunteer officers of the local sheriff's department who blocked their path. The non-violent protesters were told by Maj. John Cloud that they had two minutes to return back to their church and homes. In less than the time allotted, they were attacked by the Law Enforcement Officers with nightsticks and teargas. According to several reports, at least 50 protestors required hospital treatment. The brutality that was displayed on this day was captured by the media; however, the media was held back as the protesters retreated, where the violence continued for some time.

The attack caused outrage around the country, and March 7 became known as "Bloody Sunday". Two days later, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. led a second march which again had its path blocked by Law Enforcement Officers. This time they decided to turn back and not risk a violent confrontation. However, that evening, three Unitarian ministers who had traveled to Selma in order to join the protest were attacked by a group of white hooligans. On March 11, Rev. James Reeb, died from his injuries.

The civil rights protestors sought and received
Selma to Montgomery Trail sign along the route. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, January 6, 2018
3. Selma to Montgomery Trail sign along the route.
an injunction for a third march, which was granted by Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr. on March 17. On March 21 the official Selma to March began with the final number of supports reaching near 25,000 people on March 25. Five months later, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act which prohibits discrimination in voting practices or procedures because of race and color.

The Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail was created by an act of Congress in 1996. The National Park Service operates the Lowndes County Interpretive Center, the first of three planned centers. It is halfway between Selma and Montgomery and is on the site of the original “Tent City”.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker.
Also see . . .  Map of the Selma to Montgomery Trail. (Submitted on October 26, 2020, by Byron Hooks of Sandy Springs, Georgia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 27, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 28, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,107 times since then and 189 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on December 28, 2013, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.   2. submitted on January 9, 2014, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.   3. submitted on May 4, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 2, 2023