“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Centreville in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Archaeology at Newgate Tavern

Hidden Clues to the Past

Archaeology at Newgate Tavern Marker image. Click for full size.
October 5, 2013
1. Archaeology at Newgate Tavern Marker
Tavern Landscape
Archaeologists explored the tavern lot and discovered the tavern foundation, an outbuilding’s stone foundation, a small brick foundation, the privy foundation, and a number of trash pits. The tavern’s cellar foundation was constructed of stone on three sides. Two brick fireplaces on the south wall of the tavern cellar were used to heat the building

Before modern trash disposal, people buried their trash in the back yard. In the early days, the Newgate tavern keeper tossed the trash out the back door. Later the trash was discarded in pits in the rear of the lot. Archaeologists learn about the people who visited Newgate Tavern by the trash they left behind.

People often smoked while drinking and socializing. There were many pipe fragments found. This suggests Newgate Tavern was a place for frequent social gathering. The most frequent type of glass found was from wine bottles.

Food and Drink
The tavern’s business was serving food and drink to lodgers and local community members. Tavern diners were served mostly meat from cows, pigs, and sheep.
Archaeology at Newgate Tavern Marker image. Click for full size.
October 5, 2013
2. Archaeology at Newgate Tavern Marker
The right of three interpretive signs placed on the old site of the Newgate Tavern in Historic Centreville.
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The bones that were discovered suggests that the meats were likely roasted or stewed. Guests also ate fish and blackberries or raspberries. The wide variety of ceramics found suggests that the tavern owners made frequent purchases of tableware. The difference in the types of ceramics probably reflects the tavern keeper’s desire to appeal to a large number of patrons.
Erected 2013.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Colonial Era.
Location. 38° 50.413′ N, 77° 25.737′ W. Marker is in Centreville, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is at the intersection of Braddock Road (Virginia Route 620) and Mt Gilead Road, on the left when traveling west on Braddock Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 13933 Braddock Rd, Centreville VA 20120, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Convicts and Slaves (here, next to this marker); Newgate Tavern (here, next to this marker); Harrison House (here, next to this marker); Centreville Methodist Church (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Centreville Methodist Church (about 400 feet away); Old Stone Church (about 500 feet away); Minnie Minter Carter Saunders
Close-up of Photo on Marker image. Click for full size.
October 5, 2013
3. Close-up of Photo on Marker
Newgate Tavern Foundation
(about 500 feet away); St. John's Episcopal Church (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Centreville.
More about this marker. The marker displays four photos captioned: Newgate Tavern Foundation excavated in 2007, Ceramics used at Newgate Tavern, Smoking Pipes found at Newgate Tavern, and These bottle seals are marked “CL” and were likely from the Carr Lane family distillery. Photos Courtesy of JMA, Alexandria, VA.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 7, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 17, 2014. This page has been viewed 721 times since then and 68 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 17, 2014. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Aug. 9, 2022