Centreville in Fairfax County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Archaeology at Newgate Tavern
Hidden Clues to the Past
Archaeologists explored the tavern lot and discovered the tavern foundation, an outbuilding’s stone foundation, a small brick foundation, the privy foundation, and a number of trash pits. The tavern’s cellar foundation was constructed of stone on three sides. Two brick fireplaces on the south wall of the tavern cellar were used to heat the building
Before modern trash disposal, people buried their trash in the back yard. In the early days, the Newgate tavern keeper tossed the trash out the back door. Later the trash was discarded in pits in the rear of the lot. Archaeologists learn about the people who visited Newgate Tavern by the trash they left behind.
People often smoked while drinking and socializing. There were many pipe fragments found. This suggests Newgate Tavern was a place for frequent social gathering. The most frequent type of glass found was from wine bottles.
Food and Drink
The tavern’s business was serving food and drink to lodgers and local community members. Tavern diners were served mostly meat from cows, pigs, and sheep.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Colonial Era.
Location. 38° 50.413′ N, 77° 25.737′ W. Marker is in Centreville, Virginia, in Fairfax County. Marker is at the intersection of Braddock Road (Virginia Route 620) and Mt Gilead Road, on the left when traveling west on Braddock Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Centreville VA 20120, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Convicts and Slaves (here, next to this marker); Newgate Tavern (here, next to this marker); Centreville Methodist Church (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Old Stone Church (about 500 feet away); Minnie Minter Carter Saunders (about 500 feet away); St. John’s Episcopal Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mount Gilead Historic Site (approx. 0.2 miles away); A Place on the High Ground (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Centreville.
More about this marker. The marker displays four photos captioned: Newgate Tavern Foundation excavated in 2007, Ceramics used at Newgate Tavern, Smoking Pipes found at Newgate Tavern, and These bottle seals are marked “CL” and were likely from the Carr Lane family distillery. Photos Courtesy of JMA, Alexandria, VA.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on January 17, 2014. This page has been viewed 603 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 17, 2014. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.