Anchorage, Alaska — Northwest
Athabascans were masters at designing a variety of shelters--simple and functional--that kept them both warm and mobile as they set out to hunt and trade.
Emergency shelters were constructed in minutes.
A wandering hunter could pile up brush to crawl under at night, dig a hole in as snow bank and ice over the interior with the heat of an oil lamp, or construct a conical tent by bending over and lashing together several alders, covering them with bark or caribou skin. Dirt and moss piled high along the sides provided insulation. A second layer of skin, moss, a thatch of grass, or willow brush kept out the rain.
The ends of a tent or lean-to were usually left open so hunters could keep watch.
Double lean-tos for larger groups were made by sharing a common frame and facing the opening.
(Inscription under the photo in the upper right)
Winter tent somewhere along the Yukon River, c.1898. In pre-contact times, the covering would have been of caribou skin instead of canvas.
(Inscription under the photo in the lower right)
Summer fish camp, 1919. This
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Architecture • Native Americans. A significant historical year for this entry is 1898.
Location. 61° 13.99′ N, 149° 42.902′ W. Marker is in Anchorage, Alaska. The marker is located on the grounds of the Alaska Native Heritage Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 8800 Heritage Center Drive (Entrance to the Park), Anchorage AK 99504, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Ancient Traditions of the Athabascan People (a few steps from this marker); Athabascan Family Lodges and Cabins (within shouting distance of this marker); Raven the Creator (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Richardson National Cemetery-Gate (approx. 3.3 miles away); Captain James Cook (approx. 6.4 miles away); Resolution Park 1776 / 1778 (approx. 6.4 miles away); What is this “Rock Man”? (approx. 6˝ miles away); Oscar Gill House (approx. 6.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Anchorage.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 16, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 10, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 509 times since then and 15 times this year. Last updated on April 5, 2014, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 10, 2013, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.