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Barboursville in Cabell County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)
 

Barboursville Engagement

Fighting for the Kanawha Valley

 
 
Barboursville Engagement Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
1. Barboursville Engagement Marker
Inscription.  Confederate Gen. Henry A. Wise’s army occupied the Lower Kanawha Valley in June 1861. Union Gen. George B. McClellan assigned the task of driving them out to Gen. Jacob D. Cox, who massed his troops in Gallipolis, Ohio. Cox planned to cross the Ohio River, occupy Point Pleasant, and push up the Kanawha River to Charleston. He launched a three-prong drive on July 11, and the first clash of consequence occurred here at Barboursville on July 14.

Union Lt. Col George Neff, leading the column from Guyandotte with four companies of Col. William E. Woodruff’s 2nd Kentucky Infantry, confronted a sizeable Confederate force here. Besides county militiamen, two other units defended Barboursville from a hill overlooking the Mud River; the Sandy Rangers, under Capt. James Corns, and the Border Rangers, under Capt. James Ferguson. Albert G. Jenkins, subsequently the commander of the 8th Virginia Infantry and later a general, had recruited the Border Rangers. As the Federals neared the covered bridge, the Confederates opened fire. The Kentuckians fixed bayonets and charged up the hill, driving out the defenders. One of them, who had never seen a
Barboursville Engagement Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, April 14, 2014
2. Barboursville Engagement Marker
bayonet, wrote that "I loaded and fired till the Yankees began to load with butcher knives, then I thought it was time to be going." Casualties were light on both sides. The Federals raised the Stars and Stripes over the courthouse and then marched on to join the main force. Three days later, they fought again at Scary Creek, and Wise subsequently withdrew from the Kanawha Valley.

(captions)
(upper right) Lt. Col. George Neff — Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. Albert G. Jenkins — Courtesy Library of Congress
 
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 38° 24.6′ N, 82° 17.7′ W. Marker is in Barboursville, West Virginia, in Cabell County. Marker is on Main Street west of Central Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Barboursville WV 25504, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Nancy Cartmill Gardens (a few steps from this marker); Barboursville (within shouting distance of this marker); Old Toll House (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Battle of Barboursville
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(approx. 0.4 miles away); Woody Williams Bridge (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Bryan Family (approx. 3.7 miles away); West Virginia Colored Children's Home (approx. 4.3 miles away); Guyandotte (approx. 5.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Barboursville.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on May 13, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 556 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on May 13, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Sep. 30, 2020