Ellicott City in Howard County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Patapsco Female Institute
Classes and Camps
The stabilized ruin above you - the Patapsco Female Institute - served the young ladies of the North and South from 1837 to 1891. Amelia Hart Lincoln Phelps, a renowned author and educator, headed the school between 1841 and 1855. Concerned with the increasing division of the country during the period, she hoped to bring young women together in friendship. In 1850, she wrote, "my daughters, do something for your country by using the influence within your sphere, to allay the strife and contention which endangers its prosperity, honor, and the stability of the government." Although Phelps was a slave owner who chided the "fanaticism" of the abolitionists, she also ardently supported the Union. A son, Charles E. Phelps, and a stepson, John W. Phelps, served in the U. S. Army during the war and became generals; the former also received the Medal of Honor.
During the fall of 1862, the 12th New Jersey Infantry Regiment camped in these hills to protect the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Capt. Richard S. Thompson described the hostile reception citizens sometimes gave his troops. "Go out for skirmish drill on the four hundred acres of the
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Education • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1837.
Location. 39° 16.208′ N, 76° 47.771′ W. Marker is in Ellicott City, Maryland, in Howard County. Marker can be reached from Church Road, 0.1 miles north of Sarahs Lane. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ellicott City MD 21043, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Patapsco Female Institute (a few steps from this marker); Floral Pressings & Legacies (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mount Ida (about 400 feet away); a different marker also named Patapsco Female Institute (about 500 feet away); Howard County Jail, 1851 (about 500 feet away); Sunflower Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Old Stone Tavern HouseBaltimore and Frederick Turnpike Milestone (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ellicott City.
More about this marker. On the right side of the marker is a picture of Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps, Courtesy of Howard County Historical Society
In the center of the marker is a picture showing the, "Patapsco Female Institute (on hill), engraving ca 1857, published in Patapsco Female Institute Annual Report, 1856 - 1857" - Courtesy of the Patapsco Female Institute
Inset to the center picture is a "Charcoal drawing of the institute, 1885." This picture was provided Courtesy of Howard County Historical Society
Also see . . . Old Ellicott City. Ellicott City Partnership website entry (Submitted on March 12, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
1. What's Different About These Pictures
These pictures were taken with Ektachrome E100G film which was processed by Kodak. They were scanned into JPEG files using the excellent quality setting. This explains why the file size is much larger than JPEG files taken by a camera. It also explains the different color balance.
— Submitted December 17, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland.
Credits. This page was last revised on March 12, 2022. It was originally submitted on December 17, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. This page has been viewed 3,900 times since then and 18 times this year. Last updated on June 9, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 17, 2007, by Tom Fuchs of Greenbelt, Maryland. 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on March 1, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. 9. submitted on May 15, 2008, by Christopher Busta-Peck of Shaker Heights, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.