Near Longwood in Clarke County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Cool Spring
Sharp Action at the Shenandoah River
— Early's 1864 Attack on Washington —
Guided by a Confederate deserter well acquainted with the area, three brigades forded the river about a mile north of Castleman’s Ferry concealed by woodlands and virtually undetected by Early’s pickets. Federal skirmishers moved forward while the brigades formed a line of battle in the woods behind a stone fence on Cool Spring Farm (present-day Holy Cross Monastery).
Breckinridge, who was attending services at Grace Episcopal Church in Berryville when he was informed of the Federal cavalry probes, dispatched Gens. John B. Gordon’s and Gabriel C. Wharton’s divisions to positions in front of the Union line. While Confederate skirmishers engaged the Federals, Gen. Robert E. Rodes led
Erected 2014 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1662.
Location. 39° 8.169′ N, 77° 52.193′ W. Marker is near Longwood, Virginia, in Clarke County. Marker is on Parker Lane, on the right when traveling north. Located on the Shenandoah University, Shenandoah River Campus at Cool Spring Battlefield. The marker is at the start of the walking trail of the battlefield. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1400 Parker Lane, Bluemont VA 20135, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Judge Parker's “Retreat” & the Battle of Cool Spring (a few steps from this marker); Col. George D. Wells Leads the Way (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Confederate Counterattack and Union RetreatThoburn’s Rescue (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Retreat (approx. 1.3 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1½ miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1½ miles away); Castleman’s Ferry Fight (approx. 1.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Longwood.
More about this marker. This marker is a duplicate of an older marker posted on the west side of the Shenandoah River, along Virginia Highway 7.
Also see . . .
1. The Battle of Cool Spring. The Civil War Trust page for the battle of Cool Spring. The Trust lead efforts to secure preservation and reclamation of the battlefield, part of which had been a golf course. (Submitted on August 28, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. The Battle of Cool Spring. Page from Shenandoah at War. (Submitted on August 28, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Cool Spring Battlefield by Markers. (Submitted on August 28, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 11, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 28, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 942 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 28, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.