“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Malden in Kanawha County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)

Malden / Booker T. Washington Homeplace

Malden Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 3, 2012
1. Malden Marker
Inscription.  Marker Front:
Early salt-making industry that was centered here peaked in the 1850s. In 1755, Mary Ingles and Betty Draper made salt for their Indian captors here at "Buffalo Salt Licks." John Dickinson bought the site in 1785. Wells sunk by Brooks and Ruffners in early 1800s led to thriving salt and related industries. Site of African Zion Baptist Church, the state's black Baptist mother church, placed on National Register of Historic Places, 1980.

Marker Reverse:
Booker T. Washington Homeplace
Washington, born in a slave cabin in Hales Ford, VA, ca. 1856, spent his early childhood in Kanawha Salines, now Malden, where he worked days in the salt industry and attended school for blacks at night. Upon his graduation from Hampton Institute, he returned to teach public and Sunday school for two years. Later, as Tuskegee Institute president, he often visited his half sister Amanda Johnson here.
Erected by West Virginia Department of Culture and History. (Marker Number KA 3/KA 4.)
Topics and series. This historical marker
Malden / Booker T. Washington Homeplace Marker image. Click for full size.
By Don Morfe, August 3, 2012
2. Malden / Booker T. Washington Homeplace Marker
is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansColonial EraSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and the West Virginia Archives and History series lists.
Location. 38° 17.931′ N, 81° 33.461′ W. Marker is in Malden, West Virginia, in Kanawha County. Marker is at the intersection of Malden Drive (County Route 60/6) and Cypress Drive on Malden Drive. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4200 Malden Drive, Charleston WV 25306, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Necessary Ingredient (a few steps from this marker); Rev. Ruffner's Grave (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ruffner Well (approx. ¼ mile away); Burning Spring Monument (approx. 2 miles away); Daniel Boone (approx. 2.6 miles away); a different marker also named Daniel Boone (approx. 2.6 miles away); Charleston 's Civil War Sites (approx. 2.7 miles away); Craik-Patton House (approx. 2.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Malden.
Related markers.
Wide view of the Malden / Booker T. Washington Homeplace Marker image. Click for full size.
By PaulwC3, August 23, 2014
3. Wide view of the Malden / Booker T. Washington Homeplace Marker
Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Booker T. Washington image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, August 9, 2015
4. Booker T. Washington
This 1973 bust of Booker T. Washington by Richmond Barthé sits in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington DC.

“In the face of racial hatred, segregation, and disenfranchisement following the Civil War, it was unrealistic, Booker T. Washington contended, to expect African Americans to gain entry into America's white-collar professions. Instead, he suggested they establish themselves as a skilled and indispensable laboring class. With that accomplished, racial discrimination would gradually disappear. In 1881 Washington put this theory to the test, becoming the director of the newly created Negro Normal School in Tuskegee, Alabama. As the school grew, Washington became viewed as the nation's leading spokesman for African Americans. Yet by the century's end, many critics began to challenge his ‘get along’ philosophy.’” — National Portrait Gallery
Credits. This page was last revised on July 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on September 4, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia. This page has been viewed 305 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 3, 2012, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   3. submitted on September 8, 2014, by PaulwC3 of Northern, Virginia.   4. submitted on October 17, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Readable pictures of the obelisk near the marker. • Can you help?
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Sep. 21, 2020