Near Middletown in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Cedar Creek
Union Left Flank
— 1864 Valley Campaign —
After Confederate defeats at Third Winchester, Fisher's Hill, and Tom's Brook, and after the Burning of the Valley, Gen. Philip H. Sheridan believed that Gen. Jubal A. Early's army no longer posed a significant threat. Following a daring night march, however, the Confederates attacked the Federal camps north of Cedar Creek in the predawn fog and darkness on October 19. Achieving complete surprise, Early's men drove Sheridan's north past Middletown. The Federals formed a defensive line, Sheridan rode south from Winchester
(Main Text): On and around this farm on the morning of October 19, 1864, Union Gen. Wesley Merritt's First Cavalry Division occupied the Federal left flank. The army had fled in disarray after the Confederate surprise attack at dawn to high ground just north of Middletown. Union officers organized a defensive line at about 10 a.m., with cavalry divisions anchoring each end of the line.
You are standing directly behind the position that Col. Charles Russell Lowell Jr.'s Reserve Cavalry Brigade occupied at the center of the Union far left. Col. James H. Kidd's brigade was on the distant ridge visible through the clearing to the left of the barn, and Col. Thomas C. Devin's brigade was to Lowell's right. About 4 p.m., the Federals counter-attacked. Merritt's cavalry charged the infantry divisions of Gen. John Pegram and Gabriel C. Wharton and the brigade of Gen. William T. Wofford on the Confederate right flank. After repeated attempts, the Confederates gave way. Lowell, seriously wounded that morning, remained in the field and was mortally wounded. He died the next morning. By nightfall, the Union victory was complete, and Early's army was shattered.
(Sidebar): The Larrick-Nixon House, called Thorndale, is an L-shaped frame dwelling. John Larrick
Erected 2014 by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is September 19, 2000.
Location. 39° 2.093′ N, 78° 15.427′ W. Marker is near Middletown, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker is at the intersection of North Buckton Road (Virginia Route 842) and Larrick Lane, on the right when traveling west on North Buckton Road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Middletown VA 22645, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Union Counterattack 4:00 p.m. (approx. 0.7 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cedar Creek (approx. 0.7 miles away); Middletown (approx. 0.8 miles away); End Of Sheridan’s Ride (approx. 0.8 miles away); Engagement Of Middletown (approx. 1.1 miles away); Colonel Charles Russell LowellOld Stone Fort (approx. 1.2 miles away); Middletown Virginia (approx. 1.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Middletown.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 20, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,291 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 20, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3, 4. submitted on December 31, 2015, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia. 5, 6, 7. submitted on October 20, 2014, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.