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Urbana in Champaign County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams

 
 
The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglas McLeod, October 19, 2014
1. The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams Marker
Inscription.  

The Underground Railroad
in Champaign County


The inhumanity of slavery and the Fugitive Slave Acts of 1793 and 1850 motivated anti-slavery activists to operate a covert network, the "Underground Railroad," which helped fugitive slaves escape captivity. From early 1800s to the end of the Civil War, local activists assisted runaway slaves on their journeys north to freedom. Guides ("conductors") used their homes, farms, and churches ("stations") to hide and shelter runaway slaves ("cargo.") If captured, fugitives were severly punished and re-enslaved; "conductors" faced large fines and imprisonment, and Free Persons of Color risked being sold into slavery. A route often - traveled was once a path used by migrating buffalo, which became an Indian trail called the Bullskin Trace. It ran north from the Ohio River to Lake Erie and later became U.S. Route 68.

Lewis Adams

Lewis Adams (1785 - 1864), a free Black man and a founding member of St. Paul African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church, was an Underground Railroad conductor in Champaign County from approximately 1825 to 1861. Adams, his
The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglas McLeod, October 19, 2014
2. The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams Marker
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sons, and his father-in-law, Francis Reno, guided many runaways through the county. Adams sheltered fugitives at his home in Urbana and later his farm in Concord Township (Muddy Creek). In 1848 Adam' son, David, moved north to Findlay, Ohio (Hancock County), and also operated as a conductor who guided runaway slaves north along the Bullskin Trace through Ohio to Canada. Listed among other Champaign County operators are William Adams, Cephes Atkinson, Joseph Brand, John Butcher, Peter Byrd, Moses Corwin, Thomas Cowgill, William Jamison, Joseph Reno, David Rutan, Levi Stanup, Joseph Stillgess, and Abner Winder.
 
Erected 2013 by Friends and Descendants of Lewis and Susan Adams / The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 32-11.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRAfrican Americans. In addition, it is included in the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church ⛪, and the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1793.
 
Location. 40° 5.506′ N, 83° 45.356′ W. Marker is in Urbana, Ohio, in Champaign County. Marker is at the intersection of U.S. 68 and Lewis B Moore Drive (County Route 55), on the left when traveling north on U.S. 68. The marker
The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglas McLeod, October 19, 2014
3. The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams Marker
is located in Freedom Grove Park with parking at N40 05.486 W83 45.415. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Urbana OH 43078, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Alicia Nichole Titus (within shouting distance of this marker); Champaign County Revolutionary War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Champaign County War of 1812 Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Champaign County 11 September 2001 & Iraq War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Champaign County Mexican War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Champaign County Civil War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Alicia Nicole Titus (within shouting distance of this marker); Champaign County Philippine-American War Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Urbana.
 
The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams Marker image. Click for full size.
By Douglas McLeod, October 19, 2014
4. The Underground Railroad in Champaign County / Lewis Adams Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 20, 2014, by Douglas McLeod of LaSalle, Ontario, Canada. This page has been viewed 633 times since then and 78 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 20, 2014, by Douglas McLeod of LaSalle, Ontario, Canada. • Al Wolf was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 23, 2021