Near Shiloh in Hardin County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Over eighteen feet high, the monument's central figures depict "Defeated Victory." In front, the South surrenders the laurel wreath of victory to Death on her right, and Night on her left. Death took away the Confederate commander-in-chief; while Night, having brought re-enforcements for the Federals, stands waiting to complete the defeat.
Below them, in low relief, appears the figure of General Albert Sidney Johnston, the southern commander, Johnston remains the highest ranking American officer ever to die in combat.
The panel of heads to the right represents the spirit of the first day's battle. Exuberantly, hopefully, courageously, fearless, the young Confederates rush into battle. The eleven soldiers portrayed equal the number of Confederate
The soldiers on the panel to the left, now fewer in number, represent the second day's battle. Driven back over ground they had gained the day before, Confederates are finally forced to retreat. The panel shows the sorrow of the men who fought so hard for victory so nearly won, and so unexpectedly lost. The symbolically depicted "wave upon wave of soldiery" is now past its crest.
At the far right, the Infantryman has snatched up the Confederate flag in defiance of the U.S. Army. In support by his side, the Artilleryman calmly gazes through the smoke of battle.
To the left, the Cavalryman spreads his hand in frustration. Although eager to assist, the cavalry could not penetrate Shiloh's thick undergrowth. The rear figure, head bowed in submission to the order to cease firing, represents the Confederate officer corps. At that point on the evening of the battle's first day, Confederate victory had seemed imminent.
On the monument's rear wall, three plaques provide additional information on design and construction.
In 1905, the United Daughters of the Confederacy undertook a national project to place a monument on Shiloh Battlefield. In reaching their goal of $50,000, the UDC raised money "little by little," without help from other organizations or any state appropriation.
The monument committee held a design competition in 1913. When
Born on June 15, 1881, Missouri native Frederick Cleveland Hibbard studied abroad, in California, and in the Midwest. His work includes the Hannibal, Missouri statues of Mark Twain, and the author's characters Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn; and the equestrian statue of General Ulysses S. Grant at Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi.
Excavation for the monument's concrete foundation began on June 21, 1916. Among the articles placed in the cornerstone on November 4, 1916, were silver coins from 1905 and 1916, a $20 Confederate bill, a state flag from every southern state, a replica of the Confederate Seal, a photograph of sculptor Hibbard, and a lock of General Johnston's hair.
Topics and series. This historical marker and memorial is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the United Daughters of the Confederacy series list. A significant historical date for this entry is April 6, 1862.
Location. 35° 8.424′ N, 88° 20.094′ W. Marker is near Shiloh, Tennessee, in Hardin County. Marker is on Corinth-Pittsburg Landing Road, on the left when traveling southTouch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Shiloh TN 38376, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Confederate Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Defeated Victory (within shouting distance of this marker); Surrender in the Thicket (within shouting distance of this marker); 15th Michigan Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 5th Tennessee Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 14th Wisconsin Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 12th Iowa Infantry (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 22nd Tennessee Infantry (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shiloh.
More about this memorial. Photos at the bottom right show the dedication ceremony. May 17, 1917. At dedication ceremonies, the band of William B. Saxby played selections including "Overture from William Tell," "My Old Kentucky Home," "The Cavalry Charge," and "America."
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on October 3, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,704 times since then and 67 times this year. Last updated on March 22, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 3, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 25, 2010, by L. David Barnette of Trenton, Tennessee. 6. submitted on October 3, 2009, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 7. submitted on May 17, 2010, by Kurt Masse of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.