San Salvador, El Salvador — Central America (West Coast)
Capitán General Gerardo Barrios
Capitan General Gerardo Barrios
El pueblo centroamericano
[Bronze seal] 15 de septiembre 1821
[Bronze scene] Coatepeque
[Bronze seal] 15th of Septiembre 1821
Topics. This memorial is listed in this topic list: Wars, Non-US. A significant historical year for this entry is 1909.
Location. 13° 41.865′ N, 89° 11.476′ W. Marker is in San Salvador. Memorial is on 2a Calle Oriente. This marker and monument can be found in Barrios Park directly south of the cathedral in the Central Historical district of San Salvador. Touch for map. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. In Memory of the Murdered Jesuit Priests (a few steps from this marker); The National Palace of El Salvador (within shouting distance of this marker); Farmacia PrincipalCentral America's First Cry of Independence (about 180 meters away); Francisco Morazán (about 180 meters away); General José Manuel Arce (about 210 meters away); El Rosario Church (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Dr. José Matías Delgado (approx. 0.4 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Salvador.
Regarding Capitán General Gerardo Barrios. Gerardo Barrios (September 24, 1813 – August 29, 1865) was born near the town of Cacahuaterique, San Miguel, El Salvador and became President of El Salvador during the period of March 12, 1859 to October 26, 1863. Barrios was a staunch liberal and supported the union of Central America. He originally fought as part of the army of the last president of the Federation of Central American States, Francisco Morazán. After the death of Morazán, he became the leader of the unionist movement. He served as president of El Salvador several times: in 1858, from 1859 to 1860 and again from 1861. He was known for his concern for international relations and introduced coffee production to El Salvador, accelerating its spread through
Conservatives were upset by Barrios and his leadership, claiming he was anti-clerical, despotic and overly liberal. In 1863, after a few border skirmishes, El Salvador declared war on Guatemala, and on June 19th Guatemalan troops began invading El Salvador. On October 26, after a long siege, President Carrera of Guatemala took over San Salvador, taking full control of the city. That same year Barrios escaped to San Miguel. With Carrera's approval, Francisco Dueñas installed himself as president and then won the 1865 elections. Barrios was captured in Nicaragua on July 27 and extradited to El Salvador that same week. His court martial began on August 10, and he was sentenced to death on August 28. The execution took place the following day.
He is considered a National Hero for his attempts to liberalize the country and protect its sovereignty.
Additional keywords. Central America, unión
Credits. This page was last revised on January 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 19, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 510 times since then and 57 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on April 19, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 3. submitted on May 12, 2015. 4, 5. submitted on April 19, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 6. submitted on January 23, 2016, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 7. submitted on April 19, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.