Near Cedar Bluff in Cherokee County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
The skilled labor was detailed from Confederate army personnel. It is estimated that 1000 laborers were employed in building the canal, tunnel and mining brown hematite rock used in building the furnace in less than a year.
The furnace output was small (6 tons daily) but an important asset to the Confederacy in building cannon, carriage and caisson. Some of the first military equipment used in the war was made from Cornwall Iron.
The life of Cornwall was relatively short lived - Gen. Sherman occupying Cedar Bluff and Gaylesville ordered the furnace destroyed in 1864 and on two occasions sent detachments for this purpose but the furnace still stands - perhaps the best preserved stack in the Southeast.
The furnace was put back in operation in 1867 but blown out forever in 1875.
Erected 1976 by Cherokee County Historical Society / Cherokee County Soil and Water Conservation District.
Topics and series. Industry & Commerce • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Appalachian Iron Furnaces series list.
Location. 34° 14.813′ N, 85° 35.319′ W. Marker is near Cedar Bluff, Alabama, in Cherokee County. Marker can be reached from County Road 251. From the junction of Alabama Highway 68 in Cedar Bluff travel east on Alabama Highway 9 for 2 miles. Turn left onto County Road 92, go 1.5 miles to the T intersection. Turn right at the T intersection, travel 1/2 mile to the Cornwall Furnace Memorial Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1200 County Road 251, Cedar Bluff AL 35959, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Cornwall Furnace (within shouting distance of this marker); Cornwall Furnace Memorial Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Cherokee County Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Long Shadows House (approx. 1.7 miles away); Chattooga River (approx. 2 miles away); Gaylesville (approx. 2 miles away); Indian Village of CostaGen. N.B. Forrest Captured Col. A.D. Streight (approx. 2.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cedar Bluff.
Also see . . . Historic Cornwall Furnace, Alabama. Exceptional video showing all of Cornwall Furnace. (Submitted on April 2, 2018, by Angela Nichols of Centre, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on September 16, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 20, 2011, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,535 times since then and 2 times this year. Last updated on May 15, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on March 20, 2011, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.