Near New Market in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Jackson at Rude’s Hill
— 1962 Valley Campaign —
This old house photographed during the early 20th century and still standing about 600 yards north on the west side of the Valley Pike, was occupied
at the beginning of the Civil War by a Lutheran minister, Rev. Anders R. Rude. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s small Confederate force went
into a defensive position here after retiring from the battle at Kernstown,
March 23, 1862. Confederate cavalry, commanded by Col. Turner Ashby,
kept the slowly advancing Federals at bay beyond Stony Creek, near Edinburg, about nine miles north of this position. By April 2, 1862, Jackson and
his staff occupied the Rude home where they were quartered until April 17.
All dispatches from this headquarters bore the dateline, “Rude’s Hill”—a name that has lasted until this day, even though Rev. Rude left the Valley during the fall of 1862.
By J. J. Prats, September 26, 2006
1. Jackson at Rude’s Hill Marker
On April 6, 1862, the Union
army, commanded by Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks pierced Ashby’s Stony Creek line, and Jackson gave orders for Ashby to burn the railroad property in Mt. Jackson and the bridge crossing the Shenandoah River if pressed by the enemy. The following morning, the Federal army boldly advanced, forcing the retreat of Ashby’s rearguard.
During the withdrawal, Ashby, in person, attempted to aid the burning of
the Shenandoah River bridge and was nearly killed. As four Union troopers charged him, his beautiful white horse, Tom Telegraph, received a mortal wound in the lungs. At least three of Ashby’s assailants were wounded by Confederates that had turned back to help extract their commander.
As Ashby reached the safety of the Confederate batteries atop Rude’s Hill,
his faithful charger was unsaddled and led away to die.
2. Detail on Marker – Locust Grove Farm
Late in the afternoon of April 17, Jackson sent word for Gen. Richard
Ewell to reinforce him at Swift Run Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains east of Harrisonburg. There, Jackson would prepare the Valley army for the next phase of his famous “Valley Campaign of 1862.”
Virginia Civil War Trails.
By J. J. Prats, September 26, 2006
3. View North from the Marker
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 38° 42.157′ N, 78° 38.922′ W. Marker is near New Market, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker is on Old Valley Pike (U.S. 11) south of Caverns Road at Exit 269 (Interstate 81), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New Market VA 22844, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Rude’s Hill (here, next to this marker); Cavalry Engagement (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Rude’s Hill (here, next to this marker); Rude’s Hill Action (a few steps from this marker); The Summers & Koontz Executions (approx. 0.7 miles away); DuPont at Rude’s Hill (approx. 0.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Market.
By Linda Walcroft, June 10, 2010
4. House on Rude's Hill
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on January 27, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 2,491 times since then and 67 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on January 27, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 4. submitted on June 11, 2010, by Linda Walcroft of Strasburg, Virginia.