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Near New Market in Shenandoah County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

DuPont at Rude’s Hill

“I had to depend entirely upon myself ... ”

 

— 1864 Valley Campaign —

 
Dupont at Rude’s Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 26, 2006
1. Dupont at Rude’s Hill Marker
Inscription.  Here Capt. Henry DuPont, commanding B Battery, 5th U.S. Artillery, protected Union Gen. Franz Sigel’s defeated army as it retreated after the Battle of New Market on May 15, 1864. Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge had routed Sigel’s force that afternoon in an engagement made famous by the participation of 247 cadets from Virginia Military Institute. Arriving on the battlefield about two miles south of this location as the Federals began to withdraw, DuPont immediately deployed his six-gun battery to cover the infantry, placing his cannons across the Valley Turnpike (present-day U.S. Rte. 11). He positioned them in sections of two guns each, then “leap-frogged” each section north to cover the others as well as the army. DuPont shifted his battery several times, and his final combat position was north of the ridge above this site. He then moved the guns two miles farther north along the turnpike to Meems Bottom and burned the bridge across the North Fork of the Shenandoah River.

Without DuPont’s artillery to cover the Federal retreat, Sigel would have suffered more casualties and endured a more disorganized withdrawal.
Detail of Marker image. Click for full size.
2. Detail of Marker
Since Civil War commanders seldom planned for defeat, retreats often became disastrous routs. DuPont’s bold leadership typified the seasoned veteran that both sides developed during the war. As DuPont himself later wrote, “I had to depend entirely upon myself and did not receive a single order, either directly or indirectly, from any military superior.”
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 38° 41.567′ N, 78° 39′ W. Marker is near New Market, Virginia, in Shenandoah County. Marker is on Old Valley Pike (U.S. 11) south of Smith Creek Road (Local Route 620), on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New Market VA 22844, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Summers & Koontz Executions (here, next to this marker); Post-Appomattox Tragedy (here, next to this marker); Rude’s Hill Action (approx. 0.7 miles away); Rude’s Hill (approx. 0.7 miles away); Cavalry Engagement (approx. 0.7 miles away); a different marker also named Rude's Hill (approx.
Dupont at Rude’s Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, September 26, 2006
3. Dupont at Rude’s Hill Marker
Summers and Koontz Monument can be seen in the distance (see page for adjacent marker named "Post-Appomattox Tragedy").
0.7 miles away); a different marker also named Rude’s Hill (approx. 0.7 miles away); Meem’s Bottom Covered Bridge (approx. 1.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Market.
 
Also see . . .
1. Henry A. Dupont. Three sentence biography and Civil War Officer's Photograph. (Submitted on January 28, 2007.) 

2. Capt. Henry DuPont. Undated article by Brian C. Brehm. (Submitted on January 28, 2007.) 

3. Henry Algernon DuPont, U.S. Army, Medal of Honor. (Submitted on January 28, 2007.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on January 28, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 2,517 times since then and 64 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 28, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.
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Sep. 23, 2020