“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Charlottesville, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 15, 2008
1. Edgar Allan Poe Marker
Inscription.  Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)—writer, poet, and critic—was born in Boston, Mass. Orphaned at a young age, Poe was raised by John and Frances Allan of Richmond. He attended schools in England and Richmond before enrolling at the University of Virginia on 14 Feb. 1826 for one term, living in No.13 West Range. He took classes in the Ancient and Modern Languages. While at the university, Poe accumulated debts that John Allan refused to pay. Poe left the university and briefly returned to Richmond, before moving to Boston in Mar. 1827. Some of his best-known writings include the Raven, Annabel Lee, and the Tell-Tale Heart. He also edited the Southern Literary Messenger in Richmond from 1835 to 1837. Poe died in Baltimore, Md.
Erected 2003 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number Q-29.)
Location. 38° 2.133′ N, 78° 30.312′ W. Marker is in Charlottesville, Virginia. Marker is on McCormick Road south of University Avenue (Business U.S. 250), on the left when traveling south
Edgar Allan Poe Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 15, 2008
2. Edgar Allan Poe Marker
. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Charlottesville VA 22904, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. James Monroe’s First Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); Henry Martin (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Thomas Jefferson Monument (about 600 feet away); William Holding Echols (about 600 feet away); University of Virginia (about 600 feet away); Kappa Sigma Fraternity (about 600 feet away); History Underfoot (approx. ¼ mile away); Shadow Catcher (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charlottesville.
Also see . . .
1. Poe’s Life. Brief sketch by James Southall Wilson on the Poe Museum website. “After attending schools in England and Richmond, young Poe registered at the University of Virginia on February 14, 1826, the second session of the University. He lived in Room 13, West Range. He became an active member of the Jefferson Literary Society, and passed his courses with good grades at the end of the session in December. Mr. Allan failed to give him enough money for necessary expenses, and Poe made debts of which his so-called father did not approve. When Mr. Allan refused to let him return to the University, a quarrel ensued, and Poe was driven from the Allan home without money.” (Submitted on July 3, 2008.)
Marker at the West Range Student Rooms and Pavilions image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 15, 2008
3. Marker at the West Range Student Rooms and Pavilions
There is a brass tablet over the door to No. 13 that reads “Edgar Allan Poe MDCCCXXVI Domus Parva Magni Poetae.” The latin translates to “the small house of a great poet.”

2. The Raven. (opening stanza)
      Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
      Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,
      While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
      As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
      “’Tis some visitor,” I muttered, “tapping at my chamber door —
      Only this, and nothing more.”
(Submitted on July 4, 2008.) 

3. Annabel Lee. (opening stanza)
      It was many and many a year ago,
      In a kingdom by the sea,
      That a maiden there lived whom you may know
      By the name of Annabel Lee;
      And this maiden she lived with no other thought
      Than to love and be loved by me.
(Submitted on July 4, 2008.) 

4. Southern Literary Messenger. The Southern Literary Messenger began publication in 1834, and ceased publication in 1864. This University of Michigan Archive has page images of all issues. (Submitted on July 4, 2008.) 
Categories. Arts, Letters, MusicCommunications
Edgar Allan Poe's Room image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 15, 2008
4. Edgar Allan Poe's Room
No. 13 West Range (door at center of photograph) now has plexiglas in place of the door so that the room, furnished the way it might have been when Poe was resident—except perhaps for the small statue of a raven on the windowsill—can be viewed at all times.
View into Edgar Allen Poe's Room image. Click for full size.
By J. J. Prats, June 15, 2008
5. View into Edgar Allen Poe's Room
Plexiglas makes taking photographs of the room difficult. Notice the raven.
Edgar Allan Poe image. Click for full size.
Oil by Samuel Stillman Osgood, 1845
6. Edgar Allan Poe
This 1845 portrait of Edgar Allan Poe by Samuel Stillman Osgood hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, DC.

“Edgar Allan Poe is popularly known for his poem ‘The Raven’ (1844), and like the raven itself, Poe was a dark presence amid the optimism of early American culture. Not for him was the glorification of the individual or the celebration of nature as life-giving. Poe peeled back the underside of America to sketch a world in which nothing, especially human motivation, was transparent, predictable, or even knowable. In their dark, hallucinatory imagery, Poe's writings profoundly influenced such European poets as Baudelaire and Rimbaud. In America, his voice is still singular for the strength with which it spoke against the spirit of the Romantic age in which he lived. Poe's great subject was death, and he seemed to court it in his life as well as art, dying early after proving himself unable to function in the society he dissected so remorselessly.” — National Portrait Gallery
Edgar Allan Poe Marker image. Click for full size.
1899 Bronze bust by George Zolnay; photograph by Kathy Walker, April 12, 2008
7. Edgar Allan Poe Marker
Bust of Edgar Allen Poe in the University of Virginia Library.

More. Search the internet for Edgar Allan Poe.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 24, 2019. This page originally submitted on July 3, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 2,673 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on July 3, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.   6. submitted on November 4, 2015, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.   7. submitted on July 16, 2008, by Kathy Walker of Stafford, Virginia.
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