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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Charlottesville, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Albemarle County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Albemarle County, VA (137) Augusta County, VA (70) Buckingham County, VA (38) Charlottesville Ind. City, VA (87) Fluvanna County, VA (28) Greene County, VA (8) Louisa County, VA (43) Nelson County, VA (44) Orange County, VA (160) Rockingham County, VA (114)  AlbemarleCounty(137) Albemarle County (137)  AugustaCounty(70) Augusta County (70)  BuckinghamCounty(38) Buckingham County (38)  (87) Charlottesville (87)  FluvannaCounty(28) Fluvanna County (28)  GreeneCounty(8) Greene County (8)  LouisaCounty(43) Louisa County (43)  NelsonCounty(44) Nelson County (44)  OrangeCounty(160) Orange County (160)  RockinghamCounty(114) Rockingham County (114)
Charlottesville is the county seat for Albemarle County
Charlottesville is in Albemarle County
      Albemarle County (137)  
ADJACENT TO ALBEMARLE COUNTY
      Augusta County (70)  
      Buckingham County (38)  
      Charlottesville (87)  
      Fluvanna County (28)  
      Greene County (8)  
      Louisa County (43)  
      Nelson County (44)  
      Orange County (160)  
      Rockingham County (114)  
 
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1 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — “The Albemarle 26”Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students desegregated Albemarle High, Stone-Robinson Elementary, and Greenwood School. With the . . . Map (db m170122) HM
2 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — A Presidential Scandal:The Jefferson - Hemings Controversy
Such relationships ranged from acknowledged affairs that...were familial in every sense but a legally recognized one to brutal acts of rape and sexual assault where slave owners showed the inhumanity for which slavery was notorious. . . . Map (db m231159) HM
3 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Ash Lawn - Highland
Ash Lawn - Highland Home of James Monroe from 1799-1823 Dedicated on July 20, 1985 by Virginia Daughters of the American Revolution State Regent Mrs. G.E. Honts, Jr.Map (db m63671) HM
4 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Barrier
In 1814 a ditch 500 yards long was dug to keep grazing animals off the west lawn. The rails that were laid across the banks reminded a visitor in 1823 of "a common post and rail fence, blown down across a ditch."Map (db m100002) HM
5 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — W-199 — Birthplace of George Rogers Clark
George Rogers Clark was born a mile northeast of here on 19 Nov. 1752. He grew up on a farm in Caroline County. Clark explored the Ohio River Valley, fought in Dunmore's War in 1774, and helped convince the General Assembly to organize Kentucky as a . . . Map (db m165405) HM
6 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 11 — Charcoal
Wood charcoal fueled the forges in the nailery on Mulberry Row and heated the stoves in the kitchen. Charcoal was stored under lock and key in wooden sheds that once stood here. Built about 1794, these "coal sheds" likely resembled temporary . . . Map (db m100442) HM
7 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — W-199 — Clark’s Birthplace Reported permanently removed
A mile north was born George Rogers Clark, defender of Kentucky and conqueror of the Northwest, November 19, 1752.Map (db m17271) HM
8 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Contemplative Site
Despite the horrors of slavery, African Americans forged enduring family and community connections, and cultural and spiritual practices. The Contemplative Site is a space to reflect upon their lives and legacies. Thomas Jefferson held at . . . Map (db m231012) HM
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9 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Discovering Mulberry Row
Mulberry Row’s buildings have all but disappeared—only the remains of four survive. Before re-creating lost buildings and roads, we look at information from many sources. How do we know about this important place and the history of its people, . . . Map (db m80863) HM
10 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Q-29 — Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)—writer, poet, and critic—was born in Boston, Mass. Orphaned at a young age, Poe was raised by John and Frances Allan of Richmond. He attended schools in England and Richmond before enrolling at the University of . . . Map (db m8765) HM
11 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — W-203 — Edgehill
William Randolph patented the Edgehill plantation just to the north, in 1735. His grandson, Thomas Mann Randolph, married Thomas Jefferson's daughter Martha, acquired Edgehill in 1792, and was later governor of Virginia. The couple built a frame . . . Map (db m170657) HM
12 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Forge & Quarters
Isaac Granger Jefferson worked the forge in the original building on this site, which housed a "storehouse for iron" in 1796, a short-lived tinsmithing operation, a small nail-making shop, and also served as quarters for enslaved people. The use . . . Map (db m231059) HM
13 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Henry Martin1826 - 1915
Born in slavery at Monticello on July 4, 1826, the day of Thomas Jefferson's death, Henry Martin worked at the University in various capacities from about 1847 until his retirement in 1910. In late 1868 or early 1869, he was employed as head . . . Map (db m75526) HM
14 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Historic Michie TavernA Virginia Historic LandmarkAward Recipient for Architectural Preservation
Historic Michie Tavern, established in 1784 by Scotsman William Michie, served as a social center of its community and accommodated travelers with food, drink and lodging.
Highlights of the Tavern Tour ◇ . . . Map (db m170646) HM
15 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 04 — Horses & Mules
The Eagle. Peacemaker. Tecumseh. Bremo. Wellington. Diomede. These were the six carriage and saddle horses, plus one mule, stabled here in 1821. As many as 30 riding and carriage horses, workhorses, and mules were stabled at various locations on . . . Map (db m100157) HM
16 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Ice House — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Master carpenter James Dinsmore oversaw construction of this Ice House to Jefferson's design in 1802. Enslaved and hired workers filled it each year between November and February with ice cut from the nearby Rivanna River, shallow ponds, or snow . . . Map (db m68174) HM
17 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — G-23 — James Monroe’s First FarmSite of the University of Virginia
In 1788 James Monroe purchased an 800-acre farm here to be close to his friend Thomas Jefferson and to establish a law office. In 1799 the Monroes moved to their new Highland plantation adjacent to Monticello and sold the first farm. In 1817 the . . . Map (db m8762) HM
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18 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Jefferson Vineyards
Here in 1774, Thomas Jefferson and Philip Mazzei planted Virginia's first commercial vineyard, intending to export their wine back to Europe. The Vineyard was abandon in 1776 with the advent of the Revolutionary War. Jefferson's efforts to grow . . . Map (db m188548) HM
19 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Joiner's Shop
Jefferson's elaborate design for Monticello could not have been achieved without the superior craftsmanship of hired free and enslaved woodworkers working closely together. Joiners, the most skilled, produced Monticello's classically inspired . . . Map (db m230977) HM
20 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Kappa Sigma Fraternity
Here on December the tenth MDCCCLXIX the Kappa Sigma Fraternity was founded by William Grisby McCormick • George Miles Arnold • John Covert Boyd • Edmund Law Rogers • Frank Courtney Nicodemus. Manet Mansuraque Est.Map (db m8812) HM
21 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Making Monticello
... architecture is my delight, and putting up, and pulling down, one of my favourite amusements. Thomas Jefferson quoted by Margaret Bayard Smith, 1809 Thomas Jefferson shaped American architecture with his neoclassical designs . . . Map (db m231048) HM
22 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Meadow Run Grist Mill ca. 1797
Not far from the Tavern on its original site, the Michie family once owned and operated a mill and general store. At the turn of the century, their mill fell from decay. The Meadow Run Grist Mill from nearby Laurel Hill, Virginia was relocated to . . . Map (db m170643) HM
23 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Michie Tavern
Michie Tavern is recognized as a Virginia Landmark for its leading role in the 1920's Preservation Movement. In continuing efforts towards preservation, this historic attraction has worked towards saving significant rural Virginia structures. . . . Map (db m170644) HM
24 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Mulberry Row — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Every article is made on his farm; his negroes are cabinet makers, carpenters, masons, bricklayers, smith, etc. Duc de La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, 1796
You are standing on Mulberry Row, a road once lined with more . . . Map (db m68171) HM
25 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 02 — Mulberry RowMulberry Row's Evolution
Jefferson attempted to create an efficient plantation based on new approaches to agriculture and manufacturing. To realize his goals, dozens of enslaved and free workers lived and worked here on Mulberry Row. Jefferson added a series of dwellings . . . Map (db m100132) HM
26 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Nail-Making
Jefferson set up a nail-making operation in 1794 to provide income until he could “put my farms into a course of yielding profit.” He calculated the nailers’ daily output, the waste of nailrod, and profits. In its first years, the . . . Map (db m80862) HM
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27 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — North Pavilion
Although both the North and South Pavilions were elements in Jefferson's designs of the 1770's for Monticello, it was not until 1808 that his scheme was fully realized with the completion of this structure. After Jefferson's daughter Martha and . . . Map (db m231029) HM
28 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — North Terrace Wing
What you see here is a reconstruction of the North Terrace wing. The original wing, built 1801-05, housed Jefferson's carriages and the horses and carriages of visitors; most of Jefferson's horses were stabled at the east end of Mulberry Row. Horses . . . Map (db m100469) HM
29 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Nursery
This was the general site of the "old nursery," where Jefferson grafted and sowed the seed of special garden plants. He propagated thirteen kinds of shrubs, forty—one species of ornamental trees, twenty—six vegetable varieties, six kinds . . . Map (db m100003) HM
30 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Piney River Cabin Reported permanently removed
Virginia's virgin forest provided materials for the settlers' most basic shelter. Centuries ago, first growth trees were felled and the wood hewn to form this single-room log cabin in Piney River, Virginia, 45 minutes south of here. The structure is . . . Map (db m53613) HM
31 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Piney River Cabin ca. 1790
Virginia's virgin forest provided materials for the settlers' most basic shelter. Centuries ago, first growth trees were felled and hewn to form the single room log cabin in Piney River, Virginia, 45 minutes south from here. This 18th century . . . Map (db m170649) HM
32 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — W-163 — Revolutionary Soldiers Graves
Jesse Pitman Lewis (d. March 8, 1849), of the Virginia Militia, and Taliaferro Lewis (d. July 12, 1810), of the Continental Line, two of several brothers who fought in the War for Independence, are buried in the Lewis family cemetery 100 yards south . . . Map (db m3994) HM
33 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Sally Hemings(1773-1835)
Enslaved Woman • Seamstress • World Traveler • Sister • Negotiator • Mother • Inherited Property • Concubine • Daughter • Aunt • Mystery • Liberator Brief Biography ● Born 1773 into slavery in Virginia ● Daughter of . . . Map (db m231162) HM
34 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Sally Hemings's Life
Though enslaved, Sally Hemings helped shape her life and the lives of her children, who got an almost 50-year head start on emancipation, escaping the system that had engulfed their ancestors and millions of others. Whatever we may feel about . . . Map (db m231286) HM
35 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 05 — Slave Housing
Over 200 years ago, four log dwellings stood here. The first, constructed in the 1770s and destroyed by fire ca. 1790. was the "Negro quarter," a large 17 x 34 foot structure intended for multiple enslaved individuals or families. Three identical, . . . Map (db m100176) HM
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36 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 08 — Smokehouse/Dairy
In the long, three-celled wooden structure that stood here between ca. 1790 and 1809, Jefferson combined two of what he considered "indispensable" elements of a Virginia plantation, the "smoke house" and "dairy." His unusual design placed "two . . . Map (db m100440) HM
37 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — South Pavilion
Jefferson called this brick structure, the first building on the mountaintop, his "outchamber." Erected in 1770, it contained one room over a kitchen. Jefferson lived here alone until his marriage to Martha Wayles Skelton in January 1772. They . . . Map (db m231033) HM
38 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Textiles — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Panel 1 Jefferson introduced mechanized cloth production to his plantation when trade embargoes and looming war cut off the supply of imported British cloth. In 1811, he hired William McLure, a free white artisan and "a very ingenious man," . . . Map (db m68175) HM
39 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Levy Legacy — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
After Jefferson's death in 1826, his heirs sold his property, including his slaves, to pay his debts. Naval officer Uriah Phillips Levy, who admired Jefferson for his support of religious liberty, purchased Monticello in 1834 to preserve it. This is . . . Map (db m80808) HM
40 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Meadow Run Grist Mill Reported permanently removed
Not far from the Tavern, the Michie family owned and operated a mill and general store. At the turn of the century the mill fell from decay. In order to recreate the Michie's Tavern-plantation (which stretched for several miles) Historic Michie . . . Map (db m53611) HM
41 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Monticello Graveyard
This graveyard had its beginning in an agreement between two young men, Thomas Jefferson and Dabney Carr, who were school-mates and friends. They agreed that they would be buried under a great oak which stood here. Carr, who married Jefferson's . . . Map (db m80807) HM
42 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Open Porch
Above your head, part of the ceiling has been left exposed. Here in the crawl space, we found evidence that explained how Pleasant Sowell finished the exterior of his house. Along the wall, closest to the ceiling, three boards of the original siding . . . Map (db m170651) HM
43 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Sowell House ca. 1822
At the age of 23, Pleasant Sowell began building his house on a 100-acre tract six miles south from here. This structure became his family's home for 173 years. For six generations, the Sowells' choice of materials, craftsmanship and alterations . . . Map (db m170650) HM
44 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Sowell House Floor Plan
[The marker features floor plans of the house at different points of its history:] 1822 - This is how the house appeared when Pleasant and Sarah moved in towards the end of 1822. We do not know if at this time a staircase led to the . . . Map (db m170653) HM
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45 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The University “Corner”A Student Rendezvous Since the Mid-1800s
In the early 1900s “The Corner,” so named by the University crowd, was but a sparse collection of businesses at the entrance to the University Grounds—literally just a corner. In the intervening years “The Corner” . . . Map (db m86177) HM
46 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills👮🏼‍♂️ 🐑 ⛪
Charlottesville wool also outfitted the US Postal Service and most railroad workers from coast to coast. In the early 1900s, the Mill employed some 130 people and had established a national reputation, supplying uniform cloths worn by police . . . Map (db m172977) HM
47 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills💵 👔 🧱
With business growing, new buildings were constructed to keep up the demand as they not only produced uniform cloth, but also sold to high end tailors like Brooks Brothers. The two "saw-tooth" (so-called because of their roof structure) . . . Map (db m172980) HM
48 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — These Willow Oaks
These willow oaks were planted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II & Prince Philip in ceremonies honoring the royal visit to the Western Virginia Bicentennial Center July 10, 1976.Map (db m21950) HM
49 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Thomas JeffersonCitizen-Statesman-Patriot
The greatest advocate of human liberty Opposing special privileges He loved and trusted The People To commemorate his Purchase of Louisiana Erected by The Jefferson Club of St. Louis MO on their pilgrimage Oct 12, 1901 to . . . Map (db m99849) HM
50 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Thomas Jefferson Monument
Proclaim Liberty throughtout the land unto the inhabitants thereof —Leviticus XXIV. This monument to Thomas Jefferson was presented to the people to perpetuate the teachings and examples of the Founders of the . . . Map (db m8805) HM
51 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Tobacco Barn ca. 1790
This barn was once a place to hang and dry harvested tobacco plants. Tobacco was the primary cash crop in early Virginia. Many large landowners including the Michies grew tobacco as their principle money-making crop. However, in time, the . . . Map (db m170654) HM
52 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Tobacco Barn ca.1790 Reported permanently removed
This barn was once a place to hang and dry harvested tobacco plants. Tobacco was the primary cash crop in early Virginia. Many large landholders, including the Michies, grew tobacco as their principal money-making crop. However, in time, . . . Map (db m53612) HM
53 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Q-22 — Union Occupation of Charlottesville Reported permanently removed
On 3 Mar. 1865, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s Union Army of the Shenandoah entered Charlottesville to destroy railroad facilities as the 3rd Cavalry Division led by Bvt. Maj. Gen. George A. Custer arrived from Waynesboro. Mayor Christopher H. . . . Map (db m95140) HM
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54 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Q-22 — Union Occupation of Charlottesville
On 3 Mar. 1865, after the Battle of Waynesboro, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's Union Army of the Shenandoah entered Charlottesville. As Bvt. Maj. Gen. George A. Custer's 3d Cavalry Division arrived, Mayor Christopher L. Fowler, local officials, and . . . Map (db m170640) HM
55 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Vanguard of FreedomUnited States Army — Bicentennial 1775–1975 —
Citizens of central and western Virginia have contributed significantly to national defense and to the U.S. Army throughout its 200-year history. During the Revolutionary War, Virginians fought valiantly as members of the militia and the . . . Map (db m21890) HM
56 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Vegetable Garden
Thomas Jefferson's garden was a massive, edible laboratory. He tested new plants to record which fruit and vegetable varieties thrived. Like his neighbors, Jefferson designed a robust vegetable garden to provide food for his household. . . . Map (db m231112) HM
57 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — William Holding Echols — 1859–1934 —
William Holding Echols (1859–1934), Professor of Mathematics, lived in this pavilion. By precept and example, he taught many generations of students with ruthless insistence that the supreme values are self respect, integrity of mind, contempt . . . Map (db m62645) HM
58 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Wood Trades
This chimney and foundation are all that remain of the “joiner’s shop”, one of the first structures on Mulberry Row. From about 1775, free and enslaved workmen produced some of the finest woodwork in Virginia. Sawyers and carpenters felled oak, . . . Map (db m80860) HM
59 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Woodrow Wilson
In memory of Woodrow Wilson student of this university 1879-1881 President of the United States 1913-1921 Founder of the League of Nations 1919Map (db m230788) HM
60 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — World War I Memorial
In memory of the sons of this University who gave their lives for freedom in the World War Robert Dunaway Adams • George Wayne Anderson, Jr. • Adair Pleasants Archer • Samuel Chandler Baker • Andrew Beirne Blair, Jr. • William Ewing . . . Map (db m230736) WM
61 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Advance Mills Estate — W-165 — Advance Mills
Villages such as Advance Mills were once common features of rural Virginia, serving as economic and social centers. Advance Mills grew around a single mill that John Fray constructed in 1833 on the north fork of the Rivanna River. By the twentieth . . . Map (db m55785) HM
62 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Albemarle High School — “The Albemarle 26”Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students formerly enrolled at all-black schools desegregated Albemarle High School, Stone-Robinson . . . Map (db m170167) HM
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63 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — CarouselVirginia Discovery Museum
The Virginia Discovery Museum carousel is one of the oldest remaining self-propelled carousels in America. Its seven horses are 1910 castings by amusement park ride manufacturer William F. Mangels from carvings by master carver Marcus C. Illions. . . . Map (db m246909) HM
64 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — Jefferson SchoolWelcome to Charlottesville
The name Jefferson School has a long association with African American education in Charlottesville. It was first used in the 1860s in a Freedmen's Bureau school and then for a public grade school by 1894. Jefferson High School opened here in 1926 . . . Map (db m246922) HM
65 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — University Street Railway Co. Stables and Car Shed
Originally University Street Railway Co. Stables and Car Shed Built 1887Map (db m246921) HM
66 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Garthfield — W-166 — Convention Army The Barracks
In Jan. 1779, during the American Revolution, 4,000 British troops and German mercenaries (commonly known as “Hessians”) captured following the Battle of Saratoga in New York arrived here after marching from Massachusetts. It was called . . . Map (db m55784) HM
67 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Hunter's Hall — Thomas Jefferson
Here was born Thomas Jefferson April 13, 1743 Lover of LibertyMap (db m68666) HM
68 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Ivy Farm — Albemarle Barracks Burial Site
"In 1779 4,000 prisoners, British and their German auxiliaries, captured at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, marched over 600 miles to quarters, called 'The Barracks', situated a half mile north of this site. Traditionally, some of these prisoners . . . Map (db m37586) HM
69 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Lewis Mountain — Q-52 — Dr. W. W. Yen(1877-1950)
W. W. Yen (also known as Yan Huiqing). Chinese diplomat and political leader, was born in Shanghai. He graduated in 1900 from the University of Virginia as the first international student to earn a bachelor of arts degree and the first Chinese . . . Map (db m208960) HM
70 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Lewis Mountain — G-27 — Technical Sergeant Frank D. Peregory
Born at Esmont on 10 April 1915, Frank D. Peregory enlisted in May 1931 in Charlottesville’s Co. K (Monticello Guard), 116th Inf. Regt., 29th Inf. Div. On D-Day, 6 June 1944, T. Sgt. Peregory landed in the assault on Omaha Beach, Normandy, France. . . . Map (db m18584) HM
71 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Rivanna Ridge — Old Springs
This is a spring that was used by the Carr family when they lived here in 1870. The spring provided a source of clean drinking water and was also used as a storage location to keep perishable foods coolMap (db m170175) HM
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72 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Roslyn Ridge — Legacy of Hugh Carr / The Village of Hydraulic Mills
Legacy of Hugh Carr The Ivy Creek Natural Area was once the home of Hugh Carr, born into slavery around 1840 in Albemarle County. The end of the Civil War in 1865 was for Hugh the start of a new life founded in freedom. In 1870, Hugh . . . Map (db m170172) HM
73 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Roslyn Ridge — Six Miles of Trails
A network of more than six miles of walking trails leaves large areas of natural habitat undisturbed. The 1.5 mile Central Red Trail leads back to the parking lot and barn. All other trails stem from the Red Trail. A 0.75-mile paved trail . . . Map (db m170174) HM
74 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Roslyn Ridge — The Origins of Ivy Creek Natural Area
1975: Red Flags For years, Elizabeth (Babs) Conant had canoed the relatively new South Fork Rivanna Reservoir and enjoyed its abundant wildlife. Then one autumn day in 1975, she rounded a bend and saw something ominous. Survey stakes . . . Map (db m170170) HM
75 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, University of Virginia — ACLU Case Brings Full Coeducation to UVAUVA Change Agents
"I feel fortunate to have had the opportunity to be a part of this suit and to watch it unfold. I am grateful for the outcome which enabled me to receive an education that enriched my life across many dimensions." -Virginia . . . Map (db m246897) HM
76 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, University of Virginia — Alderman Library
. . . Map (db m246880) HM
77 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, University of Virginia — 'Coat and Tie Rebellion' MarkerUVA Change Agents
In a Washington Post article covering the Rebellion, Hayes said "we want to preserve…the dignity of those who work here… We must end racism, we must end bigotry. In this school, in Virginia and in the country.
. . . Map (db m246894) HM
78 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, University of Virginia — Honor Men Address
This tablet commemorates the centennial of the Honor Men, written in 1903 by James Hay, Jr. a student in the university that year.
"Remembering the Purple Shadows on the lawn, the majesty of the colonades, and the dream of your . . . Map (db m246898) HM
79 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, University of Virginia — James Rogers McConnell
Au Sergent pilote aviatéur Américain Jacques Mac Connell engagé volontaire dans l'Aviation Française le 27 décembre tombé au Champ d'Honneur le 19 mars 1917 don un combat aérien La France Reconnaissante . . . Map (db m246899) HM WM
80 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, University of Virginia — Memorial to Enslaved Laborers
As it enters its third century, the University of Virginia remembers the enslaved people whose labor and talents made possible the construction and operation of the Academical Village. Forced labor, incalculable suffering, and the struggle to . . . Map (db m246928) HM
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81 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Venable — These Garden Walls
These garden walls, included by Thomas Jefferson in his original designs for the academical village, were built by enslaved laborers. The walls were reconstructed and enclosed gardens planted by The Garden Club of Virginia 1952 . . . Map (db m230924) HM
82 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Venable — I-3 — University of Virginia
Thomas Jefferson founded the University of Virginia. The cornerstone of its first building was laid on October 6, 1817, in the presence of three presidents of the United States—Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe. In 1825, the . . . Map (db m61101) HM
83 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Viewmont — Site of Viewmont
Built before 1744 by Col. Joshua Fry 1699-1754 Surveyor, Mathematician, Pioneer Commander-in-Chief of Virginia Forces French and Indian War George Washington Inscribed over his Grave “Here lies the good, the just and the noble . . . Map (db m23244) HM
84 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Viewmont — GA-46 — Southern Albemarle Rural Historic District
Bounded by the James River to the south and the Rivanna River to the north, this nationally significant district encompasses 83,627 acres. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, it includes buildings influenced by Jefferson’s . . . Map (db m23240) HM
85 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Viewmont — Viewmont
Birthplace of Lottie Moon Baptist Missionary to China 1873-1912Map (db m23041) HM
86 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — Rio HillArtifacts Found at Rio Hill
Civil War relic collectors found Stuart’s winter camp and skirmish site (shaded area of map) long before the Rio Hill Shopping Center opened in 1989. Metal detectors were used to search the area and artifacts—bullets, buttons, belt and . . . Map (db m7692) HM
87 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — Rio Hill 1864 SkirmishGeorge A. Custer Attacks a Confederate Winter Camp
In December 1863, Confederate troops established winter quarters here. The approximately 200 soldiers, under the command of Capt. Marcellus N. Moorman, were from Stuart’s Horse Artillery Battalion and were equipped with 16 cannons. The men built . . . Map (db m7690) HM
88 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — W-197 — Skirmish at Rio Hill
On February 29, 1864, General George A. Custer and 1500 cavalrymen made a diversionary raid Into Albemarle County. Here, north of Charlottesville, he attacked the Confederate winter camp of four batteries of the Stuart Horse Artillery commanded by . . . Map (db m7685) HM
89 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woolen Mills — The Woolen Mills🌲 🔥 🛤️
The Woolen Mills area of Charlottesville traces its roots back to the late 1700s. It was Thomas Jefferson who realized the Rivanna River's vitality was the key to economic growth in the area. Originally a grist mill was started on . . . Map (db m172975) HM
90 Virginia, Charlottesville, 10th & Page — Q-28 — Buck v. Bell
In 1924, Virginia, like a majority of states then, enacted eugenic sterilization laws. Virginia’s law allowed state institutions to operate on individuals to prevent the conception of what were believed to be “genetically inferior” children. . . . Map (db m10128) HM
91 Virginia, Charlottesville, 10th & Page — Barry and Bill Battle
The Battle Building at UVA Children's Hospital is named for Barry W. and William C. "Bill" Battle, longtime supporters of children's healthcare research and clinical care in central Virginia. Barry Webb Battle was inaugural chair of the UVA . . . Map (db m101182) HM
92 Virginia, Charlottesville, 10th & Page — Roosevelt “Rosey” Brown, Jr.
Roosevelt Brown, Jr. (1932-2004) was born In Charlottesville and played football at Jefferson High School, the City’s only African-American High School. Following a stellar career he attended Morgan State University where he was named to the . . . Map (db m30546) HM
93 Virginia, Charlottesville, Belmont — Q-1b — Charlottesville
The site was patented by William Taylor in 1737. The town was established by law in 1762, and was named for Queen Charlotte, wife of George III. Burgoyne’s army, captured at Saratoga in 1777, was long quartered near here. The legislature was in . . . Map (db m19843) HM
94 Virginia, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — CarouselVirginia Discovery Museum
This historic 1910 carousel was donated to the Virginia Discovery Museum in 2006 by Fred W. Scott, Jr. Special thanks to Mr. Scott for his generosity in providing the gift that initiated the 2022 carousel restoration and to The Perry Foundation for . . . Map (db m246916) HM
95 Virginia, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — First Presbyterian Church
Original Site First Presbyterian Church 1829Map (db m246904) HM
96 Virginia, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — Greater Downtown Reported permanently removed
Welcome to Historic Charlottesville Charlottesville's rich historic legacy creates the City's unique sense of place and represent one of its primary economic and cultural asset. The City's character-defining historic resources include the . . . Map (db m170659) HM
97 Virginia, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — James Madison1751 - 1836
. . . Map (db m246919) HM
98 Virginia, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — James Monroe1758 - 1831
Fifth President of the United States Member Albemarle County Bar Governor of Virginia Co-Negotiator of Louisiana Purchase Proclaimer of Monroe DoctrineMap (db m246917) HM
99 Virginia, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — President Monroe’s Local Homes
In 1789 James Monroe moved to Charlottesville and for one year his home was located in the first block west of this site. Then he lived for nine years in the home he built on what is now called “Monroe Hill” at the University of . . . Map (db m19808) HM
100 Virginia, Charlottesville, Downtown Mall — Q-20 — Stone Tavern and Central Hotel
George Nicholas, Albemarle County’s Virginia General Assembly delegate in 1783, built a stone house here in 1784. James Monroe occupied it 1789-1790, while improving the dwelling at his nearby farm, later the site of the University of Virginia. Here . . . Map (db m19830) HM

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Jun. 20, 2024