“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
139 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 39 ⊳

Historical Markers and War Memorials in Charlottesville, Virginia

Clickable Map of Albemarle County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Albemarle County, VA (118) Augusta County, VA (68) Buckingham County, VA (37) Charlottesville Ind. City, VA (67) Fluvanna County, VA (29) Greene County, VA (8) Louisa County, VA (43) Nelson County, VA (40) Orange County, VA (159) Rockingham County, VA (91)  AlbemarleCounty(118) Albemarle County (118)  AugustaCounty(68) Augusta County (68)  BuckinghamCounty(37) Buckingham County (37)  (67) Charlottesville (67)  FluvannaCounty(29) Fluvanna County (29)  GreeneCounty(8) Greene County (8)  LouisaCounty(43) Louisa County (43)  NelsonCounty(40) Nelson County (40)  OrangeCounty(159) Orange County (159)  RockinghamCounty(91) Rockingham County (91)
Charlottesville is the county seat for Albemarle County
Charlottesville is in Albemarle County
      Albemarle County (118)  
      Augusta County (68)  
      Buckingham County (37)  
      Charlottesville (67)  
      Fluvanna County (29)  
      Greene County (8)  
      Louisa County (43)  
      Nelson County (40)  
      Orange County (159)  
      Rockingham County (91)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — "The Albemarle 26"Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students desegregated Albemarle High, Stone-Robinson Elementary, and Greenwood School. With the . . . Map (db m170122) HM
2Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — "The Albemarle 26"Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students formerly enrolled at all-black schools desegregated Albemarle High School, Stone-Robinson . . . Map (db m170167) HM
3Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Q-39 — Swanson v. University of Virginia
The University of Virginia, established in 1819 for white men only, rejected the application of Gregory Swanson (1924-1992) to its graduate school of law in 1950 because he was black. Swanson, a lawyer from Danville, filed suit with the support of . . . Map (db m198386) HM
4Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — W-165 — Advance Mills
Villages such as Advance Mills were once common features of rural Virginia, serving as economic and social centers. Advance Mills grew around a single mill that John Fray constructed in 1833 on the north fork of the Rivanna River. By the twentieth . . . Map (db m55785) HM
5Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Albemarle Barracks Burial Site
"In 1779 4,000 prisoners, British and their German auxiliaries, captured at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, marched over 600 miles to quarters, called 'The Barracks', situated a half mile north of this site. Traditionally, some of these prisoners . . . Map (db m37586) HM
6Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Z-15 — Albemarle County / Greene County
Albemarle County. Albemarle County was formed in 1744 from Goochland County and named for William Anne Keppel, the second Earl of Albemarle, titular governor of Virginia from 1747 to 1754. A portion of Louisa County was later added to . . . Map (db m21585) HM
7Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Ash Lawn - Highland
Ash Lawn - Highland Home of James Monroe from 1799-1823 Dedicated on July 20, 1985 by Virginia Daughters of the American Revolution State Regent Mrs. G.E. Honts, Jr.Map (db m63671) HM
8Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Barrier
In 1814 a ditch 500 yards long was dug to keep grazing animals off the west lawn. The rails that were laid across the banks reminded a visitor in 1823 of "a common post and rail fence, blown down across a ditch."Map (db m100002) HM
9Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — W-199 — Birthplace of George Rogers Clark
George Rogers Clark was born a mile northeast of here on 19 Nov. 1752. He grew up on a farm in Caroline County. Clark explored the Ohio River Valley, fought in Dunmore's War in 1774, and helped convince the General Assembly to organize Kentucky as a . . . Map (db m165405) HM
10Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 11 — Charcoal
Wood charcoal fueled the forges in the nailery on Mulberry Row and heated the stoves in the kitchen. Charcoal was stored under lock and key in wooden sheds that once stood here. Built about 1794, these "coal sheds" likely resembled temporary . . . Map (db m100442) HM
11Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Q-24 — Charlottesville Woolen Mills
As early as 1795, several types of mills operated here. In 1847, Farish, Jones, and Co., opened a cotton and woolen factory. John A. Marchant gained control of it by 1852 and renamed it the Charlottesville Manufacturing Company. His son, Henry Clay . . . Map (db m166671) HM
12Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — W-199 — Clark’s Birthplace
A mile north was born George Rogers Clark, defender of Kentucky and conqueror of the Northwest, November 19, 1752.Map (db m17271) HM
13Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — W-166 — Convention Army The Barracks
In Jan. 1779, during the American Revolution, 4,000 British troops and German mercenaries (commonly known as “Hessians”) captured following the Battle of Saratoga in New York arrived here after marching from Massachusetts. It was called . . . Map (db m55784) HM
14Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Discovering Mulberry Row
Mulberry Row’s buildings have all but disappeared—only the remains of four survive. Before re-creating lost buildings and roads, we look at information from many sources. How do we know about this important place and the history of its people, . . . Map (db m80863) HM
15Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Q-29 — Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)—writer, poet, and critic—was born in Boston, Mass. Orphaned at a young age, Poe was raised by John and Frances Allan of Richmond. He attended schools in England and Richmond before enrolling at the . . . Map (db m8765) HM
16Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — W-203 — Edgehill
William Randolph patented the Edgehill plantation just to the north, in 1735. His grandson, Thomas Mann Randolph, married Thomas Jefferson's daughter Martha, acquired Edgehill in 1792, and was later governor of Virginia. The couple built a frame . . . Map (db m170657) HM
17Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Henry Martin1826 - 1915
Born in slavery at Monticello on July 4, 1826, the day of Thomas Jefferson's death, Henry Martin worked at the University in various capacities from about 1847 until his retirement in 1910. In late 1868 or early 1869, he was employed as head . . . Map (db m75526) HM
18Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Historic Michie TavernA Virginia Historic LandmarkAward Recipient for Architectural Preservation
Historic Michie Tavern, established in 1784 by Scotsman William Michie, served as a social center of its community and accommodated travelers with food, drink and lodging.
Highlights of the Tavern Tour ◇ . . . Map (db m170646) HM
19Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 04 — Horses & Mules
The Eagle. Peacemaker. Tecumseh. Bremo. Wellington. Diomede. These were the six carriage and saddle horses, plus one mule, stabled here in 1821. As many as 30 riding and carriage horses, workhorses, and mules were stabled at various locations on . . . Map (db m100157) HM
20Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Ice House — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Master carpenter James Dinsmore oversaw construction of this Ice House to Jefferson's design in 1802. Enslaved and hired workers filled it each year between November and February with ice cut from the nearby Rivanna River, shallow ponds, or snow . . . Map (db m68174) HM
21Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — G-23 — James Monroe’s First FarmSite of the University of Virginia
In 1788 James Monroe purchased an 800-acre farm here to be close to his friend Thomas Jefferson and to establish a law office. In 1799 the Monroes moved to their new Highland plantation adjacent to Monticello and sold the first farm. In 1817 the . . . Map (db m8762) HM
22Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Jefferson Vineyards
Here in 1774, Thomas Jefferson and Philip Mazzei planted Virginia's first commercial vineyard, intending to export their wine back to Europe. The Vineyard was abandon in 1776 with the advent of the Revolutionary War. Jefferson's efforts to grow . . . Map (db m188548) HM
23Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Kappa Sigma Fraternity
Here on December the tenth MDCCCLXIX the Kappa Sigma Fraternity was founded by William Grisby McCormick • George Miles Arnold • John Covert Boyd • Edmund Law Rogers • Frank Courtney Nicodemus. Manet Mansuraque Est.Map (db m8812) HM
24Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Legacy of Hugh Carr / The Village of Hydraulic Mills
Legacy of Hugh Carr The Ivy Creek Natural Area was once the home of Hugh Carr, born into slavery around 1840 in Albemarle County. The end of the Civil War in 1865 was for Hugh the start of a new life founded in freedom. In 1870, Hugh . . . Map (db m170172) HM
25Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Meadow Run Grist Mill ca. 1797
Not far from the Tavern on its original site, the Michie family once owned and operated a mill and general store. At the turn of the century, their mill fell from decay. The Meadow Run Grist Mill from nearby Laurel Hill, Virginia was relocated to . . . Map (db m170643) HM
26Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Michie Tavern
Michie Tavern is recognized as a Virginia Landmark for its leading role in the 1920's Preservation Movement. In continuing efforts towards preservation, this historic attraction has worked towards saving significant rural Virginia structures. . . . Map (db m170644) HM
27Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — G-29 — Monacan Indian Village
Near here, on both sides of the Rivanna River, was located the Monacan Indian village of Monasukapanough. This village was one of five Monacan towns that Captain John Smith recorded by name on his 1612 Map of Virginia, though many more . . . Map (db m106829) HM
28Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Mulberry Row — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Every article is made on his farm; his negroes are cabinet makers, carpenters, masons, bricklayers, smith, etc. Duc de La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, 1796
You are standing on Mulberry Row, a road once lined with more . . . Map (db m68171) HM
29Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 02 — Mulberry RowMulberry Row's Evolution
Jefferson attempted to create an efficient plantation based on new approaches to agriculture and manufacturing. To realize his goals, dozens of enslaved and free workers lived and worked here on Mulberry Row. Jefferson added a series of dwellings . . . Map (db m100132) HM
30Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Nail-Making
Jefferson set up a nail-making operation in 1794 to provide income until he could “put my farms into a course of yielding profit.” He calculated the nailers’ daily output, the waste of nailrod, and profits. In its first years, the . . . Map (db m80862) HM
31Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — North Terrace Wing
What you see here is a reconstruction of the North Terrace wing. The original wing, built 1801-05, housed Jefferson's carriages and the horses and carriages of visitors; most of Jefferson's horses were stabled at the east end of Mulberry Row. Horses . . . Map (db m100469) HM
32Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Nursery
This was the general site of the "old nursery," where Jefferson grafted and sowed the seed of special garden plants. He propagated thirteen kinds of shrubs, forty—one species of ornamental trees, twenty—six vegetable varieties, six kinds . . . Map (db m100003) HM
33Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Old Springs
This is a spring that was used by the Carr family when they lived here in 1870. The spring provided a source of clean drinking water and was also used as a storage location to keep perishable foods coolMap (db m170175) HM
34Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Piney River Cabin
Virginia's virgin forest provided materials for the settlers' most basic shelter. Centuries ago, first growth trees were felled and the wood hewn to form this single-room log cabin in Piney River, Virginia, 45 minutes south of here. The structure is . . . Map (db m53613) HM
35Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Piney River Cabin ca. 1790
Virginia's virgin forest provided materials for the settlers' most basic shelter. Centuries ago, first growth trees were felled and hewn to form the single room log cabin in Piney River, Virginia, 45 minutes south from here. This 18th century . . . Map (db m170649) HM
36Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — W-163 — Revolutionary Soldiers Graves
Jesse Pitman Lewis (d. March 8, 1849), of the Virginia Militia, and Taliaferro Lewis (d. July 12, 1810), of the Continental Line, two of several brothers who fought in the War for Independence, are buried in the Lewis family cemetery 100 yards south . . . Map (db m3994) HM
37Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Rio HillArtifacts Found at Rio Hill
Civil War relic collectors found Stuart’s winter camp and skirmish site (shaded area of map) long before the Rio Hill Shopping Center opened in 1989. Metal detectors were used to search the area and artifacts—bullets, buttons, belt and . . . Map (db m7692) HM
38Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Rio Hill 1864 SkirmishGeorge A. Custer Attacks a Confederate Winter Camp
In December 1863, Confederate troops established winter quarters here. The approximately 200 soldiers, under the command of Capt. Marcellus N. Moorman, were from Stuart’s Horse Artillery Battalion and were equipped with 16 cannons. The men built . . . Map (db m7690) HM
39Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — G-26 — Rio Mills
The 19th-century mill village of Rio Mills stood 600 yards west of here, where the former Harrisonburg-Charlottesville Turnpike crossed the South Fork of the Rivanna River. Following the Battle of Rio Hill on 29 February 1864, Union General George . . . Map (db m106830) HM
40Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Riverview Park
You are standing on land once inhabited by the Monacan Indians and bison. While much of the landscape has changed, the Rivanna River still runs through, connecting past to present. 1733. The property first came into European hands in a . . . Map (db m172972) HM
41Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Site of Viewmont
Built before 1744 by Col. Joshua Fry 1699-1754 Surveyor, Mathematician, Pioneer Commander-in-Chief of Virginia Forces French and Indian War George Washington Inscribed over his Grave “Here lies the good, the just and the noble . . . Map (db m23244) HM
42Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Six Miles of Trails
A network of more than six miles of walking trails leaves large areas of natural habitat undisturbed. The 1.5 mile Central Red Trail leads back to the parking lot and barn. All other trails stem from the Red Trail. A 0.75-mile paved trail . . . Map (db m170174) HM
43Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — W-197 — Skirmish at Rio Hill
On February 29, 1864, General George A. Custer and 1500 cavalrymen made a diversionary raid Into Albemarle County. Here, north of Charlottesville, he attacked the Confederate winter camp of four batteries of the Stuart Horse Artillery commanded by . . . Map (db m7685) HM
44Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 05 — Slave Housing
Over 200 years ago, four log dwellings stood here. The first, constructed in the 1770s and destroyed by fire ca. 1790. was the "Negro quarter," a large 17 x 34 foot structure intended for multiple enslaved individuals or families. Three identical, . . . Map (db m100176) HM
45Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — 08 — Smokehouse/Dairy
In the long, three-celled wooden structure that stood here between ca. 1790 and 1809, Jefferson combined two of what he considered "indispensable" elements of a Virginia plantation, the "smoke house" and "dairy." His unusual design placed "two . . . Map (db m100440) HM
46Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — GA-46 — Southern Albemarle Rural Historic District
Bounded by the James River to the south and the Rivanna River to the north, this nationally significant district encompasses 83,627 acres. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, it includes buildings influenced by Jefferson’s . . . Map (db m23240) HM
47Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — G-27 — Technical Sergeant Frank D. Peregory
Born at Esmont on 10 April 1915, Frank D. Peregory enlisted in May 1931 in Charlottesville’s Co. K (Monticello Guard), 116th Inf. Regt., 29th Inf. Div. On D-Day, 6 June 1944, T. Sgt. Peregory landed in the assault on Omaha Beach, Normandy, France. . . . Map (db m18584) HM
48Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Textiles — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Panel 1 Jefferson introduced mechanized cloth production to his plantation when trade embargoes and looming war cut off the supply of imported British cloth. In 1811, he hired William McLure, a free white artisan and "a very ingenious man," . . . Map (db m68175) HM
49Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Levy Legacy — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
After Jefferson's death in 1826, his heirs sold his property, including his slaves, to pay his debts. Naval officer Uriah Phillips Levy, who admired Jefferson for his support of religious liberty, purchased Monticello in 1834 to preserve it. This is . . . Map (db m80808) HM
50Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Meadow Run Grist Mill
Not far from the Tavern, the Michie family owned and operated a mill and general store. At the turn of the century the mill fell from decay. In order to recreate the Michie's Tavern-plantation (which stretched for several miles) Historic Michie . . . Map (db m53611) HM
51Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Monticello Graveyard
This graveyard had its beginning in an agreement between two young men, Thomas Jefferson and Dabney Carr, who were school-mates and friends. They agreed that they would be buried under a great oak which stood here. Carr, who married Jefferson's . . . Map (db m80807) HM
52Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Open Porch
Above your head, part of the ceiling has been left exposed. Here in the crawl space, we found evidence that explained how Pleasant Sowell finished the exterior of his house. Along the wall, closest to the ceiling, three boards of the original siding . . . Map (db m170651) HM
53Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Origins of Ivy Creek Natural Area
1975: Red Flags For years, Elizabeth (Babs) Conant had canoed the relatively new South Fork Rivanna Reservoir and enjoyed its abundant wildlife. Then one autumn day in 1975, she rounded a bend and saw something ominous. Survey stakes . . . Map (db m170170) HM
54Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Sowell House ca. 1822
At the age of 23, Pleasant Sowell began building his house on a 100-acre tract six miles south from here. This structure became his family's home for 173 years. For six generations, the Sowells' choice of materials, craftsmanship and alterations . . . Map (db m170650) HM
55Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Sowell House Floor Plan
[The marker features floor plans of the house at different points of its history:] 1822 - This is how the house appeared when Pleasant and Sarah moved in towards the end of 1822. We do not know if at this time a staircase led to the . . . Map (db m170653) HM
56Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The University “Corner”A Student Rendezvous Since the Mid-1800s
In the early 1900s “The Corner,” so named by the University crowd, was but a sparse collection of businesses at the entrance to the University Grounds—literally just a corner. In the intervening years “The Corner” . . . Map (db m86177) HM
57Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills🌲 🔥 🛤️
The Woolen Mills area of Charlottesville traces its roots back to the late 1700s. It was Thomas Jefferson who realized the Rivanna River's vitality was the key to economic growth in the area. Originally a grist mill was started on this . . . Map (db m172975) HM
58Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills👮🏼‍♂️ 🐑 ⛪
Charlottesville wool also outfitted the US Postal Service and most railroad workers from coast to coast. In the early 1900s, the Mill employed some 130 people and had established a national reputation, supplying uniform cloths worn by police . . . Map (db m172977) HM
59Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills💵 👔 🧱
With business growing, new buildings were constructed to keep up the demand as they not only produced uniform cloth, but also sold to high end tailors like Brooks Brothers. The two "saw-tooth" (so-called because of their roof structure) . . . Map (db m172980) HM
60Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — These Willow Oaks
These willow oaks were planted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II & Prince Philip in ceremonies honoring the royal visit to the Western Virginia Bicentennial Center July 10, 1976.Map (db m21950) HM
61Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Thomas Jefferson
Here was born Thomas Jefferson April 13, 1743 Lover of LibertyMap (db m68666) HM
62Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Thomas JeffersonCitizen-Statesman-Patriot
The greatest advocate of human liberty Opposing special privileges He loved and trusted The People To commemorate his Purchase of Louisiana Erected by The Jefferson Club of St. Louis MO on their pilgrimage Oct 12, 1901 to . . . Map (db m99849) HM
63Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Thomas Jefferson Monument
Proclaim Liberty throughtout the land unto the inhabitants thereof —Leviticus XXIV. This monument to Thomas Jefferson was presented to the people to perpetuate the teachings and examples of the Founders of the . . . Map (db m8805) HM
64Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Tobacco Barn ca.1790
This barn was once a place to hang and dry harvested tobacco plants. Tobacco was the primary cash crop in early Virginia. Many large landholders, including the Michies, grew tobacco as their principal money-making crop. However, in time, . . . Map (db m53612) HM
65Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Q-22 — Union Occupation of Charlottesville
On 3 Mar. 1865, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s Union Army of the Shenandoah entered Charlottesville to destroy railroad facilities as the 3rd Cavalry Division led by Bvt. Maj. Gen. George A. Custer arrived from Waynesboro. Mayor Christopher H. . . . Map (db m95140) HM
66Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Q-22 — Union Occupation of Charlottesville
On 3 Mar. 1865, after the Battle of Waynesboro, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's Union Army of the Shenandoah entered Charlottesville. As Bvt. Maj. Gen. George A. Custer's 3d Cavalry Division arrived, Mayor Christopher L. Fowler, local officials, and . . . Map (db m170640) HM
67Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — I-3 — University of Virginia
Thomas Jefferson founded the University of Virginia. The cornerstone of its first building was laid on October 6, 1817, in the presence of three presidents of the United States—Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe. In 1825, the . . . Map (db m61101) HM
68Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Vanguard of FreedomUnited States Army — Bicentennial 1775–1975 —
Citizens of central and western Virginia have contributed significantly to national defense and to the U.S. Army throughout its 200-year history. During the Revolutionary War, Virginians fought valiantly as members of the militia and the . . . Map (db m21890) HM
69Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Viewmont
Birthplace of Lottie Moon Baptist Missionary to China 1873-1912Map (db m23041) HM
70Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — William Holding Echols — 1859–1934 —
William Holding Echols (1859–1934), Professor of Mathematics, lived in this pavilion. By precept and example, he taught many generations of students with ruthless insistence that the supreme values are self respect, integrity of mind, contempt . . . Map (db m62645) HM
71Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Wood Trades
This chimney and foundation are all that remain of the “joiner’s shop”, one of the first structures on Mulberry Row. From about 1775, free and enslaved workmen produced some of the finest woodwork in Virginia. Sawyers and carpenters . . . Map (db m80860) HM
72Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Woolen Mills Village Historic District
To the west is the 80 acre Woolen Mills Village National Historic District. This district was recognized as a Virginia Landmark December 17, 2009 and added to the National Registry of Historic Places April 12, 2010. Located at the foot of . . . Map (db m172947) HM
73Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-28 — Buck v. Bell
In 1924, Virginia, like a majority of states then, enacted eugenic sterilization laws. Virginia’s law allowed state institutions to operate on individuals to prevent the conception of what were believed to be “genetically inferior” children. . . . Map (db m10128) HM
74Virginia, Charlottesville — A Bicentennial Tribute
To the memory and service of three Presidents of the United States Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and James Monroe associated with this courthouse in Albemarle County, VirginiaMap (db m170128) HM
75Virginia, Charlottesville — Albemarle Confederate Monument
. . . Map (db m25955) HM
76Virginia, Charlottesville — Albemarle County
Founded A.D. 1744 from a portion of Goochland County. Named for the second Earl of Albemarle.Map (db m170126) HM
77Virginia, Charlottesville — Albemarle County Court House1803
Originally served as the court house and town's public building. Thomas Jefferson referred to it as the "common temple" and was accustomed to attend church services here. The south addition with columns was added after the Civil War. Remodelled and . . . Map (db m170125) HM
78Virginia, Charlottesville — 4 — An American Dream: Home Ownership
Poverty and prejudice shaped the lives of African Americans in Charlottesville. In the 1920s African Americans made up 28 percent of the town's population but owned only 6.5 percent of its real estate. Many lived crowded together in very small . . . Map (db m170153) HM
79Virginia, Charlottesville — 7 — Asalie Minor Preston: Teacher & Philanthropist
The legacy of the Holt House endures beyond the life time of Charles B. Holt. Asalie Minor Preston (c. 1904-1962), a schoolteacher in Albemarle County's "colored" schools, married Holt's stepson and lived here after Charles B. Holt died in 1950. In . . . Map (db m170146) HM
80Virginia, Charlottesville — Barry and Bill Battle
The Battle Building at UVA Children's Hospital is named for Barry W. and William C. "Bill" Battle, longtime supporters of children's healthcare research and clinical care in central Virginia. Barry Webb Battle was inaugural chair of the UVA . . . Map (db m101182) HM
81Virginia, Charlottesville — Benjamin E. Tonsler Residence327 Sixth Street SW
Benjamin Ellis Tonsler (1854-1917) grew up enslaved by the Burnley family of Albemarle County. As a youth, he attended the Freedmen's School. Encouraged by his teachers, he attended and graduated from Hampton Institute in 1874, where he met his . . . Map (db m170142) HM
82Virginia, Charlottesville — 'Burying' Ground
The Foster family kept their ancestors close. Sheltered on a portion of their 2 1/8-acre plot purchased in 1833 by free black Catherine Foster, this burial ground still contains several dozen graves. Rediscovered in 1993, the Foster cemetery . . . Map (db m81599) HM
83Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-28a — C.B. Holt Rock House
African American Charles B. Holt owned a carpentry business in Charlottesville’s Vinegar Hill neighborhood. The son of former slaves, Holt built this Arts and Crafts-style house in 1925-1926, during the era of segregation when blacks were . . . Map (db m30541) HM
84Virginia, Charlottesville — Catholic Church of the Holy Comforter
Original Site Catholic Church of the Holy Comforter 1880Map (db m170123) HM
85Virginia, Charlottesville — 8 — Changes in Holt's Neighborhood
Though he owned his home, Holt still had to contend with society's prejudice and unfairness. In 1929 Charlottesville adopted its first zoning ordinance. The city forbade business and industry from encroaching on residential neighborhoods, but did . . . Map (db m170156) HM
86Virginia, Charlottesville — 2 — Charles B. Holt: Born Into Freedom
Charles B. Holt, the man who built this "Rock House" was born in 1872 in Alamance County, North Carolina. Holt's father and mother, Charles and Arena; his brother, George; and his sisters Rachel, Jane, and Margaret had all lived as slaves. In 1863, . . . Map (db m170159) HM
87Virginia, Charlottesville — CharlottesvilleConfederate Heroes Remembered
Lee and Jackson Parks contain two of Charlottesville's fine examples of public sculpture, gifts of benefactor Paul Goodloe McIntire (1860-1952). The Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson statue was dedicated in 1921,the Robert E. Lee statue in 1924. . . . Map (db m497) HM
88Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-1a — Charlottesville
The site was patented by William Taylor in 1737. The town was established by law in 1762, and was named for Queen Charlotte, wife of George III. Burgoyne’s army, captured at Saratoga in 1777, was long quartered near here. The legislature was in . . . Map (db m19844) HM
89Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-1b — Charlottesville
The site was patented by William Taylor in 1737. The town was established by law in 1762, and was named for Queen Charlotte, wife of George III. Burgoyne’s army, captured at Saratoga in 1777, was long quartered near here. The legislature was in . . . Map (db m19843) HM
90Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-1d — Charlottesville
The site was patented by William Taylor in 1737. The town was established by law in 1762, and was named for Queen Charlotte, wife of George III. Burgoyne’s army, captured at Saratoga in 1777, was long quartered near here. The legislature was in . . . Map (db m8643) HM
91Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-23 — Charlottesville General Hospital
During the Civil War, the Rotunda at the University of Virginia, the Charlottesville town hall and the courthouse, as well as nearby homes and hotels were converted into a makeshift hospital complex called the Charlottesville General Hospital. It . . . Map (db m8664) HM
92Virginia, Charlottesville — Claude Moore, M.D.1892–1991
A native of Radford, Virginia, Dr. Moore was a 1916 graduate of the School of Medicine and a gifted player on the University’s football team. He served in the Army Medical Corps in France during World War I. Dr. Moore began his career in radiology . . . Map (db m8823) HM
93Virginia, Charlottesville — Daughters of Zion Cemetery
The Daughters of Zion Cemetery was established in 1873 by a benevolent organization of African American women known as the Daughters of Zion, who purchased an approximate two-acre plot for African American burials located across from the segregated . . . Map (db m189586) HM
94Virginia, Charlottesville — Dedicated to You, A Free Citizen in a Free Land
This reproduction of the Liberty Bell was presented to the people of Virginia by direction of The Honorable John W. Snyder Secretary of the Treasury As the inspirational symbol of the United States Savings Bonds Independence Drive from May . . . Map (db m73013) HM
95Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-38 — Dogwood Vietnam Memorial
The Dogwood Vietnam Memorial, a project of the Charlottesville Dogwood Festival, Inc., was conceived late in 1965 after news arrived of the first casualty of the Vietnam War from this area. Consisting of a plaza with a plaque and flagpole, the . . . Map (db m102815) HM
96Virginia, Charlottesville — Early HotelsDining, Dancing, and the Mail — Charlottesville, Virginia - 1762 —
The Eagle Tavern opened here sometime prior to 1791. With its large public room that could feed 200 people, the hotel was primary place for public dances and political celebrations. Traveling peddlers sold products on its long porch during monthly . . . Map (db m170136) HM
97Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-42 — Enderly
Built ca. 1859 in the Greek Revival style. Enderly was the home of William F. Gordon Jr. during the 1860s. Gordon served as clerk of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1859 to 1865. He was temporary secretary of the convention that met in Richmond . . . Map (db m170656) HM
98Virginia, Charlottesville — Fernando Símon Bolívar1810–1898
Fernando Bolívar, a native of Venezuela, attended the University of Virginia in 1827. He was the nephew and adopted son of Símon Bolívar, The Liberator, who sent him to study in the “Republic of Washington and Jefferson.” A friend of . . . Map (db m8820) HM
99Virginia, Charlottesville — First Baptist Church
Original Site First Baptist Church 1831Map (db m170124) HM
100Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-16 — First Baptist Church, West Main Street
The Charlottesville African Church congregation was organized in 1864. Four years later it bought the Delevan building, built in 1828 by Gen. John H. Cocke, and at one time used as a temperance hotel for University of Virginia students. It became . . . Map (db m8824) HM

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Jun. 27, 2022