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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Fredericksburg, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Lee's Headquarters

The Battle of Fredericksburg

 

— Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —

 
Lee's Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
1. Lee's Headquarters Marker
Inscription.  
The hill in front of you, once called Telegraph Hill but now known as Lee's Hill, served as General Robert E. Lee's headquarters during the Battle of Fredericksburg. Throughout the afternoon of December 13, 1862, Lee and his generals watched uneasily as the Union army repeatedly attacked Southern troops in the Sunken Road. The Federal infantry became easy targets for Confederate artillery atop this hill and Howison Hill (a quarter mile to your left). The Union attacks failed.

The grandeur of the struggle stirred Lee, and here he uttered one of his most famous quotes, "It is well that war is so terrible, or we would grow too fond of it." Still, the victory at Fredericksburg little satisfied Lee - the Union army escaped damaged but intact. The enemy "suffered heavily," he later wrote his wife, "...but it did not go far enough." Lee's relentless efforts to destroy the Union army would continue.

This trail leads to Lee's command post. Although only about .25 mile long, the trail is steep. Allow 45 minutes for the roundtrip hike.
 
Erected 2008 by National Park Service, U.S. Department
Lee's Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, April 12, 2020
2. Lee's Headquarters Marker
Click or scan to see
this page online
of the Interior.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is December 13, 1862.
 
Location. 38° 17.133′ N, 77° 28.512′ W. Marker is near Fredericksburg, Virginia. Marker is on Lee Drive, on the right when traveling south. Marker is located in the Fredericksburg-Spotyslvania Military Park, near a parking pull-off for the Lee's Hill tour stop, at the start of the trail up the hill. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22401, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lee Drive: The Confederate Line (a few steps from this marker); Lee's Command Post (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Near Disaster (about 400 feet away); The Battle of Fredericksburg from Lee's Hill, December, 1862 (about 400 feet away); The Pioneers (about 400 feet away); The Second Battle of Fredericksburg (about 400 feet away); Artillery on Lee's Hill (about 400 feet away); Lee's Hill, the commander's lookout (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredericksburg.
 
More about this marker. The background illustration depicts Lee and his staff observing the battle.
 
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. This marker replaced an older marker documented in the database.
 
Also see . . .  Lee's Hill Virtual Tour. National Park Service page. (Submitted on July 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Lee's Hill Tour Stop image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
3. Lee's Hill Tour Stop
 
 
Lee's View of Fredericksburg image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
4. Lee's View of Fredericksburg
Late spring vegetation and over a century of changes offer a significantly more restricted field of view.
The Guns at Lee's Hill image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 25, 2008
5. The Guns at Lee's Hill
Furthest from the camera is a 4.2-inch Parrott Rifle. Next to it is a Confederate 12-pounder Napoleon smoothbore. The Parrott was cast by West Point Foundry, New York and was among the largest weapons in the field gun category, and was often used in siege operations. The Napoleon pictured here was cast in Macon, Georgia as a "copy" of a Federal weapon of the same class.
Lee's Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 19, 2008
6. Lee's Headquarters Marker
Lee's Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 19, 2008
7. Lee's Headquarters Marker
Lee's Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 19, 2008
8. Lee's Headquarters Marker
At the top of Lee's Hill looking toward Fredericksburg
Lee's View of Fredericksburg image. Click for full size.
February 16, 2007
9. Lee's View of Fredericksburg
Winter view
Lee's Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, July 19, 2008
10. Lee's Headquarters Marker
Picture of the top of Lee's Hill area, about 20 minutes hike.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 21, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,845 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on July 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on April 12, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.   3, 4, 5. submitted on July 5, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   6, 7, 8. submitted on July 22, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   9. submitted on July 6, 2008.   10. submitted on July 22, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.

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Apr. 18, 2021