Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
William Penn Annex East in Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The President's House Site 1790-1800

 
 
The President's House Site 1790-1800 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
1. The President's House Site 1790-1800 Marker
Inscription.  
President George Washington called the elegant three-story brick mansion that once stood on this spot "the best single house in the city." Both Presidents Washington (1790-1797) and John Adams (1797-1800) lived and worked in this house, which was rented from financier Robert Morris. Washington's large household included enslaved African descendants, contrasted with Adams' small household. Adams never owned slaves.

The President's house in the 1790s was a mirror of the young republic, reflecting both the ideals and contradictions of the new nation. The house stood in the shadow of Independence Hall, where the words "All men are created equal" and We the People were adopted, but they did not apply to all who lived in the new United States of America.

Independence National Historical Park is working with the community to interpret the President's House Site and to commemorate the enslaved African descendants who lived and toiled there. A permanent exhibit will be created on this open site near the entrance to the Liberty Bell Center.

Left of Diagram
Records show that Washington
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
and his family slept over the kitchen. His servants including the enslaved African descendants, slept in the former smokehouse and throughout the property. Adams left on record of how he used the house.

Hercules, Washington's enslaved cook, presided in the kitchen and was considered one of the best chefs in America. In 1797 Hercules successfully seized his freedom. With the help of Philadelphia's large free African community, Oney Judge, Martha Washington's enslaved servant, escaped to freedom from here.

Bottom Portraits
George Washington Attributed to Ellen Sharples, after James Sharples
John Adams by Charles Willson Peale, from life.
Hercules Attributed to Gilbert Stuart. Presumed to be George Washington's cook.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansPatriots & PatriotismSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #01 George Washington, and the Former U.S. Presidents: #02 John Adams series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1797.
 
Location. 39° 57.029′ N, 75° 9.01′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Outline of President's House image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
2. Outline of President's House
Area is just in front of the entrance to the Liberty Bell building.
, in Philadelphia County. It is in William Penn Annex East. Marker is at the intersection of Market Street and 6th Street, on the left when traveling west on Market Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 101 Market St, Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Archeology Methods and Interpretation (here, next to this marker); The President's House - Washington and Adams (here, next to this marker); Enslaved Africans in the Household of George and Martha Washington (here, next to this marker); Chef Hercules (here, next to this marker); Contagion and Liberty (here, next to this marker); Mount Vernon to Philadelphia (here, next to this marker); Strengthening Ties with the United States (here, next to this marker); Oney Escapes! (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Philadelphia.
 
Also see . . .  Brief History of the President's House. (Submitted on July 8, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
 
Outline of the President's House from the rear. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
3. Outline of the President's House from the rear.
Close view of diagram on marker. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Beverly Pfingsten, July 5, 2008
4. Close view of diagram on marker.
The President's House Site 1790-1800 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Pat Filippone, June 19, 2013
5. The President's House Site 1790-1800 Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on February 2, 2023. It was originally submitted on July 6, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 3,491 times since then and 13 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 6, 2008, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.   5. submitted on May 25, 2015, by Pat Filippone of Stockton, California.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=8914

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
U.S. FTC REQUIRED NOTICE: This website earns income from purchases you make after using links to Amazon.com. Thank you.
Paid Advertisements
Feb. 25, 2024