“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Hopson in Coahoma County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)

Cotton Pickin' Blues

Cotton Pickin' Blues Marker (Front) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 18, 2015
1. Cotton Pickin' Blues Marker (Front)
One of the major factors behind the “great migration” of African Americans from the South to northern cities was the mechanization of agriculture, which diminished the need for manual laborers. In 1944 the Hopson Planting Company produced the first crop of cotton to be entirely planted, harvested, and baled by machine. Blues pianist Joe Willie “Pinetop” Perkins was a tractor driver here at the time. He later played in the band of Muddy Waters and enjoyed a successful solo career.

Pinetop Perkins & Hopson Planting Co. Cotton and the blues are intimately connected, and one popular explanation for the predominance of blues in the Delta is the great concentration of African Americans whose labor was required for the cultivation of cotton here. Fieldhands who could play guitar or piano provided entertainment for other workers, and sometimes pursued music as a profession to get out of the backbreaking work in the fields. Blues performers have recalled making more money playing on Saturday nights than laborers would earn in a whole week.

Here at Hopson
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in the 1940s pianist Joe Willie “Pinetop” Perkins managed to keep a foot in both worlds, working as a tractor driver and as a professional entertainer. While living in the Delta Perkins worked in local jukes with artists including Lee Kizart and Robert Nighthawk, and performed on the radio show King Biscuit Time with Sonny Boy Williamson No. 2 (Rice Miller) on KFFA in Helena, Arkansas. The live program was broadcast weekdays at 12:15 p.m. when agricultural workers were at home eating lunch. Perkins, who remembered John Lee Hooker sometimes playing here at Hopson, later taught Ike Turner to play piano.

According to military records Perkins was inducted into the Army in June of 1943, but he recalled that the plantation owners were able remove him from a bus of draftees, as tractor drivers were deemed essential to the war effort. Other bluesmen who served as tractor drivers during World War II included B.B. King, Son House, and Muddy Waters. As a tractor driver, Perkins played an important role in mechanization of cotton production, as the Hopson Planting Company was at the forefront of this transformation. From the ’20s through ’40s engineers from the International Harvester Company tested and developed tractor-mounted cotton pickers at Hopson. In 1944 they succeeded in harvesting a crop using only machines, and the technology was soon implemented across the
Cotton Pickin' Blues Marker (Rear) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 18, 2015
2. Cotton Pickin' Blues Marker (Rear)
South, resulting in changes including the replacement of the sharecropping system with wage labor and the destruction of the abandoned homes of displaced workers.

Perkins left the Delta in the late ’40s, and worked for many years in bands with Earl Hooker, Muddy Waters, and others. He began returning to the Delta to perform after appearing at the first King Biscuit Blues Festival in Helena in 1986. He became a regular at the annual Helena festival as well as at Hopson, where an annual celebration was inaugurated in his honor in 2001. Perkins was also honored with a Mississippi Blues Trail marker in his hometown of Belzoni in 2008.
Erected 2008 by the Mississippi Blues Commission. (Marker Number 41.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansAgricultureArts, Letters, MusicEntertainment. In addition, it is included in the Mississippi Blues Trail series list. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1943.
Location. 34° 9.526′ N, 90° 32.793′ W. Marker is in Hopson, Mississippi, in Coahoma County. Marker is at the intersection of Commissary Circle and Hopson Road, on the left when traveling north on Commissary Circle. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1 Commissary Circle, Clarksdale MS 38614, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other
Photos from rear of marker. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 18, 2015
3. Photos from rear of marker.
Click on photo for closeup
markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Hopson Plantation (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Clarksdale (approx. 2.7 miles away); Riverside Hotel (approx. 2.9 miles away); Haven United Methodist Church (approx. 3.1 miles away); Dr. Aaron Henry (approx. 3.1 miles away); Aaron Henry (approx. 3.1 miles away); The New World (approx. 3.1 miles away); First Baptist M.B. Church (approx. 3.1 miles away).
Regarding Cotton Pickin' Blues. The cotton picker first used is now on exhibit at the Smithsonian.
Part of the old Hopson Plantation. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 18, 2015
4. Part of the old Hopson Plantation.
View west on Hopson Road. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, October 18, 2015
5. View west on Hopson Road.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 7, 2019. It was originally submitted on October 27, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 477 times since then and 69 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on October 27, 2015, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Jun. 23, 2024