Near Newnan in Coweta County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Brown's Mill Battlefield
Alarmed at Wheeler's approach and puzzled by Stoneman's absence, McCook conferred with his officers. Some wanted to turn back. Others urged him to ride completely around the Confederate army. After listening to their arguments, McCook issued orders to "return to the Chattahoochee by way of Newnan." Anxious to avoid Rebel cavalry who must have found the smoldering wreckage in Palmetto and Fayetteville, McCook detoured around Fayetteville, steering his column south on the Panhandle Road.
Confederate Brigadier General William H. "Red" Jackson had been in the saddle since daylight. Following the Atlanta & West Point Railroad from Fairburn down to Palmetto, his two brigades soon found hundreds of burned-out wagons and bloating mule carcasses lining both sides of the road. Eager for revenge, they hurried through Fayetteville and reached the intersection of the Panhandle and McDonough roads, just as McCook's rear guard approached from the opposite direction.
Seeing the Rebel riders, Colonel John T. Croxton ordered the 8th Iowa Cavalry to charge. Drawing pistols, the Iowans spurred forward, their starry guidon nearly touching
For the next 3 hours, charge met counter-charge before Croxton's men finally fought their way through the Rebel roadblock and caught up with the rest of McCook's column at Glass Bridge on the Flint River.
With darkness fast approaching, McCook found himself far behind Confederate lines with no reliable maps. After some hesitation and delay, he found a slave familiar with the maze of narrow rutted roads and ordered his column forward, leaving Croxton's battered brigade to bring up the rear.
Convinced the raiders were trying to reach the Chattahoochee, "Red" Jackson hurried his 2 brigades back to Fayetteville, hoping to get ahead of them. Joe Wheeler was not far behind. A 20-mile ride from Flat Shoals had brought him and about 500 men to the scene of the recent skirmish on the Panhandle Road. They followed Jackson as far as Fayetteville, then turned southwest.
That night gunfire blazed in the darkness at Whitewater Creek and Shake Rag as Wheeler repeatedly savaged the rear guard of the Yankee column toiling along the Lower Fayetteville Road.
About 8:00 a.m. on July 30, Companies D and E of McCook's 8th Indiana Cavalry crested the hill overlooking the railroad depot at Newnan. Sleepless and exhausted after 3 days and 3 nights in the saddle, they
They saw the northbound train stopped at the depot because of the broken tracks at Palmetto. Without hesitation, the Hoosiers dashed downhill just as the locomotive's whistle shrilled, alerting Brigadier General Philip D. Roddey and 550 dismounted Alabama cavalrymen clustered around the freight cars. "Yonder comes the Yanks now," exclaimed a startled Confederate. Grabbing their guns, Roddey's men aimed a flurry of shots up the hill and according to one Yankee cavalryman, “We charged out a damn sight faster than we charged in.”
Erected 2013 by Coweta County, Georgia Departments of Transportation & Natural Resources.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant day of the year for for this entry is July 30.
Location. 33° 20.091′ N, 84° 50.354′ W. Marker is near Newnan, Georgia, in Coweta County. Marker can be reached from Millard Farmer Road, 0.4 miles east of Old Corinth Road, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 155 Millard Farmer Road, Newnan GA 30263, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Battle of Brown's Mill: Detour to Battle (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Brown's Mill: Ride for the River (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Brown's Mill: AftermathMcCook's Raid (a few steps from this marker); "The Big Raid" (a few steps from this marker); Gen. Jos. Wheeler, C.S.A. (approx. 0.3 miles away); In Memoriam (approx. 0.3 miles away); William McIntosh (approx. 3.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newnan.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 3, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 16, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 342 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on May 16, 2016, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.