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Fredonia in Coconino County, Arizona — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts

Dominguez y Escalante Expedition 1776-1976

 
 
Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, May 17, 2016
1. Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker
Inscription.  A worn and hungry band of Spanish explorers made camp at Johnson Wash, six miles to the east, on October 21, 1776. Fathers Dominguez and Escalante called it Santa Barbara. They found no water for horses or the men who were subsisting on meager supplies of pinion nuts and prickly-pear cakes obtained in trade from the local Paiutes.

The Spaniards had already spent nights without water and only minimal nourishment. Lorenzo de Olivares was nearly mad with thirst after eating too many of the salty cactus cakes. He disappeared that evening stumbling up the wash. Having worried about their companion all night, the padres found him the next morning at some small pools near the base of the red Shinarump Cliffs to the north.

The territory known as the Arizona Strip confronted the expedition with some of its most brutal difficulties. Wandering first southeasterly then north, without the aid of native guides, they struggled through a hard and rutted land searching for the Ute crossing of the Colorado River.

Dominguez and Escalante returned to Santa Fe in January, 1777 after exploring much of what is now the Four Corners region
Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, May 17, 2016
2. Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker
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but having failed in their effort to open a land route to Spanish settlements at Monterey.
 
Erected 1976 by Arizona Bicentennial Commission.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Exploration. In addition, it is included in the Dominguez y Escalante Expedition, and the The Spirit of ’76, America’s Bicentennial Celebration series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1777.
 
Location. 36° 56.542′ N, 112° 31.55′ W. Marker is in Fredonia, Arizona, in Coconino County. Marker is on U.S. 89A at milepost 609, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Fredonia AZ 86022, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 7 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Pipe Springs National Monument (here, next to this marker); Fredonia Centennial (a few steps from this marker); The Final Frontier (approx. 1.4 miles away); Historic Log Cabin (approx. 1.4 miles away); Kanab Forts (approx. 4.4 miles away in Utah); The Proud Rebel (approx. 6.9 miles away in Utah); Dan Duryea (approx. 7 miles away in Utah); Israel and Charlotte Cox Heaton (approx. 7 miles away in Utah). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fredonia.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Kirchner, May 17, 2016
3. Prickly Pears and Pinion Nuts Marker

1. Domínguez–Escalante expedition on Wikipedia. (Submitted on December 2, 2019.)
2. Article from Intermountain Histories. (Submitted on December 2, 2019.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 2, 2019. It was originally submitted on May 28, 2016, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona. This page has been viewed 287 times since then and 12 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on May 28, 2016, by Bill Kirchner of Tucson, Arizona.

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May. 14, 2021